HBSE Class 10th English Question Paper 2023 Answer

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HBSE Class 10th English Question Paper 2023 Answer (All Sets – A,B,C,D)


 

SET–A

(Unseen Comprehension)
1. Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow. Do any two passages:
(a) Sumit Antil was born on 6 July, 1998 in Khewra, Sonepat, Haryana, India. Sumit Antil’s family consists of his mother Nirmala Devi, and three sisters Kiran, Sushila and Renu, His father – Ram Kumar, died when he was seven.
Young Sumit wanted to pursue a career in wrestling and join Indian Army. In 2015, when he was 17, his motorbike was hit by a speeding truck while he was returning home from training. As a result, his left leg was amputated and he had to abandon his dream of becoming a wrestler. Sumit is supported by the GoSports Foundation through the Para Champions Programme. After completing his secondary education in Dev Rishi Senior Secondary School, Sonepat, Antil was introduced to Para Athletics by another Para Athlete, Raj Kumar, while he was pursuing his B. Com. from Ramjas College of Delhi University.
In 2017, Antil started training under Nitin Jaiswal in Delhi, and completed in various National and International Platforms. He began competing at Javelin on the National circuit and GoSports inducted him into the Para Champions Programme in 2019. On 30 August, 2021, Antil won a Gold Medal with a World Record throw of 68.55 m in javelin throw F64 at 2020 Summer Paralympics.
Questions :
(i) When was Sumit Antil born ?
Ans – 6 July 1998

(ii) At what age did Sumit Antil’s father die ?
Ans – 7 years

(iii) From which school did Sumit Antil complete his secondary education ?
Ans – Dev Rishi Senior Secondary School, Sonepat

(iv) When did Sumit Antil win a Gold Medal in Javelin ?
Ans – 30 August, 2021

(v) Why did he abandon his dream of becoming a wrestler ?
Ans – because of accident, his left leg was lost.

(b) The Haryana Police Department is the law enforcement agency for the State of Haryana, India. Present DGP of Haryana Police is P. K. Aggarwal, since August 16, 2021. Haryana Police comes under direct control of Department of Home Affairs, Government of Haryana. State Police Headquarters is located in Sector 6, Panchkula. The total headcount of the personnel working in Haryana Police at present is 56,747. Haryana Armed Police (HAP) has 5 battalions, 3 at Madhuban, one at Hisar and one at Ambala.
Haryana Police has wireless repeater antennae in three locations, at Tosham Hill range in Bhiwani district, Tankri hill in Rewari district and at Sarahan hill in Himachal Pradesh. Haryana Police has a control room No. 112 and special women Helpline No. of 1091 which can be called from any landline or mobile phone.
Questions :
(i) Who is present DGP of Haryana Police ?
Ans – P. K. Aggarwal

(ii) Where is State Police Headquarters located ?
Ans – Sector 6, Panchkula

(iii) What is the total headcount of the personnel working in Haryana Police at present ?
Ans – 56,747

(iv) How many battalions are found in Haryana Armed Police ?
Ans – 5 battalions

(v) What is special Women Helpline No. which can be called from any landline or mobile phone ?
Ans – 1091

(c) The Giraffe is the tallest of all living land animals. A male can go upto 18 feet and a female upto 15 feet. Such height enables them to escape the competition for ground level grass that exists among other leaf-eaters. It also gives him a long range of vision. He takes the warning of the approaching enemy early.
Giraffes eat a variety of leaves, but acacia leaves are their favourite diet. In spring when many trees are not in leaf, they spend 80 percent of the day eating. In summer, when trees are in full leaf, they need only 15 percent. The rest of the time is spent in resting and quarrelling. A Giraffe’s long neck is made up like that of man and most other mammals, of only seven vertebrae. The bones are attached to one another with ball and socket joints. These make the neck flexible. It can run at 50 Km. per hour.
Rising from a lying position is a problem for such a large animal. So it usually keeps standing even while it sleeps. To reach water with such a long neck and legs, a Giraffe spreads its front legs wide apart. Then it lowers its neck to drink. This awkward position makes it easy for the lion to attack it.
Questions :
(i) Which is the tallest of all living land animals ?
Ans – Giraffe

(ii) What is favourite diet of Giraffe ?
Ans – Acacia leaves

(iii) What is made up like that of man and most other mammals ?
Ans – Giraffe’s long neck

(iv) What is height of female Giraffe ?
Ans – upto 15 feet

(v) What is the speed of Giraffe’s running?
Ans – 50 Km/h

(Writing Skills)
2. Attempt any one of the following :
(a) You are Ajay: Write a letter to the Superintendent of Police inviting his/her attention to the increasing number of thefts in your colony suggesting measures to improve the situation.
Ans –
The Superintendent of Police,
[Address]
Subject : Increasing number of thefts in our colony
Respected Sir/Madam,
I am writing this letter to bring to your kind attention the increasing number of thefts in our colony. I, Ajay, am a resident of [colony name] and have been witnessing a surge in the number of thefts in the past few months. The situation has become a matter of concern for all the residents here. Despite the efforts made by the local police authorities, the thieves seem to be getting bolder and are not afraid to strike even during the daytime. The residents are feeling insecure and unsafe in their own homes. It is high time that some strict measures are taken to curb this menace. I would like to suggest a few measures that could be taken to improve the situation. Firstly, regular patrolling by police officials in the affected areas could help in deterring the thieves. Secondly, installation of CCTV cameras at strategic locations in the colony could help in identifying the culprits. Lastly, awareness programs could be conducted for the residents to educate them about safety measures that they can take to protect their homes.
I urge you to take immediate action and address this issue before it gets out of hand. I hope that you will look into this matter seriously and take necessary steps to ensure the safety and security of the residents.
Thank you for your time and consideration.
Yours sincerely,
Ajay
[Your Address]

(b) Suppose you are Anvi studying in Xth class. You are suffering from Dengue. Write an application to your Principal requesting her/him to grant you sick leave for a week.
Ans –
The Principal,
ABC School
Charkhi Dadri
Subject : Request for Sick Leave for a week
Respected Sir/Madam,
I, Anvi, a student of Class X in your esteemed institution, am writing this letter to request you to grant me sick leave for a week as I am suffering from Dengue fever. Due to the high fever and weakness caused by the disease, I am unable to attend school and concentrate on my studies. As per the doctor’s advice, I need complete bed rest for a week to recover from this illness. Therefore, I request you to kindly grant me leave from [start date] to [end date].
I assure you that I will make up for the missed classes and complete all the assignments and homework as soon as I am back to school. I understand the importance of regular attendance and will not let this absence affect my academic performance. I would be grateful if you could consider my request and grant me the necessary leave.
Thank you for your understanding and cooperation.
Yours sincerely,
Anvi
Xth
Roll No. 22

3. Attempt any one of the following:
(a) You are Pooja/Pritam of GSSS Sonipat. Recently your school held a Seminar on Conservation of Water as a part of World Water Day 10 celebrations. As the Head Girl/Boy, write a report of the same to be published in school magazine.
Ans –

REPORT ON SEMINAR ON CONSERVATION OF WATER

As a part of the World Water Day 10 celebrations, our school organized a seminar on Conservation of Water. The event was held on [date] in the school auditorium. The seminar aimed to create awareness among the students about the importance of water conservation and how we can contribute to saving this precious resource.
The seminar was inaugurated by our Principal, who emphasized the need to conserve water and the role that students can play in this regard. The keynote speaker for the event was Mr. [Name], an expert in water conservation. He gave an informative presentation on the various techniques that can be used to conserve water, such as rainwater harvesting, drip irrigation, and water recycling. The seminar also included a panel discussion with experts from various fields, who shared their experiences and insights on water conservation. The audience had the opportunity to ask questions and clarify their doubts. The highlight of the event was the skit performed by our school students, which showcased the importance of water conservation in our daily lives. The skit received a thunderous applause from the audience.
Overall, the seminar was a great success, with students gaining valuable insights into the importance of water conservation. We hope that this seminar will inspire our students to take up the cause of water conservation and make a positive impact on our environment.
Pooja/Pritam
Head Girl/Boy
GSSS Sonipat

(b) Develop a story with the given outlines :
A cap seller ………… going to a village ………… a bundle of caps in his hands …………… falls asleep under a tree …………. monkeys on the tres ………… they take away his caps ………… the cap seller wakes up …………. throws down his cap ………….
the monkeys do the same …………. his Moral.
Ans –
Once upon a time, there was a cap seller who lived in a small town. One day, he decided to go to a nearby village to sell his caps. He carried a bundle of colorful caps in his hands and set off on his journey. As he walked, he felt tired and decided to take a nap under a tree. Soon, he fell asleep, unaware of the monkeys that were playing on the branches above him. When he woke up, he was shocked to see that all his caps were missing. Looking up, he saw the monkeys wearing his caps and playing with them. The cap seller was angry and frustrated. He knew that he couldn’t climb the tree to get his caps back. So, he had an idea. He took off his own cap and threw it on the ground. To his surprise, the monkeys did the same thing.
The cap seller picked up his caps and continued on his journey. As he walked, he thought about what had happened. He realized that even monkeys could be taught a lesson if you think creatively.
The moral of the story is that sometimes, we need to think outside the box to solve our problems. We should never give up hope and always look for new solutions to our challenges.

(Grammar)
4. Attempt any twelve sentences, choosing two from each sub-part :
(a) Use the correct form of the verb given in the brackets :
(i) I ……….. (get) up at 4 a.m. every day.
Ans – get

(ii) We ………. (hold) a meeting tomorrow.
Ans – are holding / shall hold

(iii) She returned the book before she …………. (read) it.
Ans – had read

(b) Fill in the blanks with appropriate articles given in the brackets, wherever necessary :
(i) They are much of ………. (a/an/the/x) age.
Ans – x

(ii) Vikramaditya was …………. (a/an/the/x) wisest king of India.
Ans – the

(iii) Milk costs sixty rupees ……….. (a/an/the/x) litre.
Ans – a

(c) Rewrite the following sentences in Indirect Speech :
(i) I said to Anil, “Girls were singing a song.”
Ans – I told Anil that girls had been singing a song.

(ii) He said to her, “Where do you live ?”
Ans – He asked her where she lived.

(iii) He said to me, “Do it.”
Ans – He ordered me to do it.

(d) Fill in the blanks with modals given in brackets :
(i) She works hard lest she ……….. (must/should/shall) fail.”
Ans – should

(ii) Anyone ……….. (can/may/needn’t) make mistakes.
Ans – can

(iii) He ran fast so that he ………. (may/might/could) catch the bus.
Ans – might

(e) Fill in the blanks with correct form of the verbs (Gerund or infinitive) given in the brackets :
(i) This cloth is easy ……….. (wash/to wash/washing).
Ans – to wash

(ii) I let him …………. (read/to read/reading) the book.
Ans – read

(iii) He congratulated me on …………. (win/to win/winning) the prize.
Ans – winning

(f) Punctuate the following sentences :
(i) alas i have injured my foot
Ans – Alas ! I have injured my foot.

(ii) rekha said i am a good girl
Ans – Rekha said, “I am a good girl.”

(iii) delhi is the capital of india
Ans – Delhi is the capital of India.

[A : Prose Text (First Flight)]
5. Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow. Do any two passages :
(a) Immediately, Lencho went up to the window to ask for paper and ink. On the public writing-table, he started to write, with much wrinkling of his brow, caused by the effort he had to make to express his ideas. When he finished, he went to the window to buy a stamp which he licked and then affixed to the envelope with a blow of his fist. The moment the letter fell into the mail box the postmaster went to open it. It said: “God: Of the money that I asked for, only seventy pesos reached me. Send me the rest, since I need it very much. But don’t send it to me through the mail because the post office employees are a bunch of crooks. Lencho.”
Questions :
(i) Name the chapter.
Ans – A letter to God

(ii) Name its author.
Ans – G. L. Fuentes

(iii) Who went up to the window to ask for paper and ink ?
Ans – Lencho

(iv) Where did Lencho start to write, with much wrinkling of his brow ?
Ans – On the public writing-table

(v) Where did Lencho go after finishing the letter ?
Ans – He went to the window to buy a stamp.

(b) I’m not so worried about my girl friends and myself. We’ll make it. The only subject I’m not sure about is Maths Anyway, all we can do is wait. Until then, we keep telling each other not to lose heart.
I get along pretty well with all my teachers. There are nine of them, seven men and two women. Mr. Keesing, the old fogey who teaches Maths, was annoyed with me for ages because I talked so much. After several warnings, he assigned me extra homework. An essay on the subject, ‘A Chatterbox’.
Questions :
(i) Name the chapter.
Ans – From the diary of Anny Frank

(ii) Name its author.
Ans – Anny Frank

(iii) For which subject is she not sure ?
Ans – Maths

(iv) How many teachers were there in her school ?
Ans – Nine

(v) Who was Mr. Keesing?
Ans – Maths teacher

(c) Marriage gifts are meaningless without the sweet bread known as the bol, just as a party or a feast loses its charm without bread. Not enough can be said to show how important a baker can be for a village. The lady of the house must prepare sandwiches on the occasion of her daughter’s engagement. Cakes and bolinhas are a must for Christmas as well as other festivals. Thus, the presence of the baker’s furnace in the village is 3 absolutely essential. The baker or bread-seller of those days had a peculiar dress known as the Kabai. It was a single piece long frock reaching down to the knees.
Questions :
(i) Name the chapter.
Ans – A baker from Goa

(ii) Name its author.
Ans – Lucio Rodrigues

(ii) What makes marriage gifts meaningless ?
Ans – Absence of sweet bread

(iv) What is a must for Christmas ?
Ans – Cakes and bolinhas

(v) What is absolutely essential in the village ?
Ans – The presence of the baker’s furnace

6. Answer in about 100 words :
Describe the methods used by the seagull family to help the young seagull overcome his fear and made his maiden flight. (His First Flight)
Ans – In the story “His First Flight,” the seagull family used several methods to help the young seagull overcome his fear and make his maiden flight.
Firstly, they encouraged him to try. They told him that he was ready and that he could do it. This helped to boost his confidence and gave him the motivation to give it a try.
Secondly, they demonstrated how to fly. The mother seagull flew alongside him, showing him how to flap his wings and stay in the air. This gave the young seagull a visual example to follow and helped him to understand what he needed to do.
Thirdly, they provided support and guidance. The father seagull flew underneath him, providing a safety net in case he fell. This gave the young seagull a sense of security and allowed him to take risks without fear of getting hurt.
Lastly, they celebrated his success. When the young seagull finally made his maiden flight, the entire family cheered and congratulated him. This helped to reinforce his confidence and gave him a sense of accomplishment.
Overall, the seagull family used a combination of encouragement, demonstration, support, and celebration to help the young seagull overcome his fear and make his maiden flight.

OR

How did the Buddha made Kisa Gotami realize that death is inevitable and change her understanding ? (The Sermon at Benares)
Ans – In the Sermon at Benares, the Buddha made Kisa Gotami realize that death is inevitable and change her understanding through a parable. He told her the story of a woman who had lost her only child and went from house to house looking for medicine to bring him back to life. Eventually, she was directed to the Buddha, who gave her a task to complete before he could give her the medicine. The task was to collect mustard seeds from a house where no one had ever died.
Kisa Gotami went from house to house, but she could not find a single household where no one had ever died. She realized that death was inevitable and that everyone experiences it. This realization changed her understanding and helped her to accept the loss of her child.
Through this parable, the Buddha showed Kisa Gotami that death is a natural part of life and that everyone experiences it. He helped her to see that instead of trying to avoid or deny death, it is better to accept it and live in the present moment. This understanding allowed Kisa Gotami to let go of her attachment to her child and find peace.

7. Answer any three of the following questions :
(i) What ‘twin obligations’ does Mandela mention ? (Nelson Mandela : Long Walk to Freedom)
Ans – According to Mandela, every man has twin obligations. Firstly, he has an obligation towards his family, parents, wife and children. Secondly, he has an obligation towards his people, his community and his country.

(ii) What did the girls write to Wanda ? (The Hundred Dresses-II)
Ans – The girls wrote a friendly letter to Wanda telling her that she had won the contest. They also wrote how pretty her drawings were. They asked her if she liked the place where she was living and if she liked her new teacher. They wanted to say that they were sorry. However, they ended up with just writing a friendly letter.

(iii) How was Mij to be transported to England ? (Mijbil the Otter)
Ans – The British airline to London would not fly animals. So, Maxwell booked a flight to Paris on another airline and from there to London. The airline insisted that Mij should be packed into a box not more than eighteen inches square. Thus, Mij was transported to England in that box, which was kept on the floor at the writer’s feet.

(iv) Who were Pranjol and Rajvir? Where were they going ? (Tea from Assam)
Ans – Rajvir and Pranjol were two youngsters. Actually, they were classmates at school in Delhi. Rajvir and Pranjol were going to Assam as Pranjol had invited Rajvir to spend summer vacation there. Pranjol’s father was the manager of tea garden in Upper Assam.

(v) Describe Lomov’s first meeting with Natalya. (The Proposal)
Ans – The first time Natalya and Lomov met was at Chubukov’s place where Lomov went to ask for Natalya’s hand in marriage as he believed her to be a suitable wife for him as she was good looking, a great housekeeper and well educated. But the first meeting of the two parties soon became sour when they both started arguing about ownership over Oxen Meadows, which Lomov believes to be owned by him while Natalya believes the meadows to belong to her family.

[B : Poetry (First Flight)]
8. Read the stanza given below and answer the questions that follow :
Has given my heart
A change of mood
And saved some part
Of a day I had rued.
Questions :
(i) Name the poem.
Ans – Dust of snow

(ii) Name the poet.
Ans – Robert Frost

(iii) What is the rhyme scheme of this stanza ?
Ans – ab ab

(iv) What had changed the poet’s mood ?
Ans – Falling of dust of snow

(v) How was some part of the day saved for the poet ?
Ans – Due to change of mood

OR

The pirate gaped at Belinda’s dragon,
And gulped some grog from his pocket flagon,
He fired two bullets, but they didn’t hit,
And custard gobbled him, every bit.
Questions :
(i) Name the poem.
Ans – The Tale of Custard the Dragon

(ii) Name the poet.
Ans – Ogden Nash

(iii) Whose dragon was it ?
Ans – Belinda’s

(iv) What did the dragon do to the pirate ?
Ans – Custard gobbled him

(v) What did the pirate gulp ?
Ans – Gulped some grog from his pocket

9. Answer in about 100 words :
What is the central idea of the poem ‘A Tiger in the Zoo’ ? Discuss.
Ans – The poem ‘A Tiger in the Zoo’ by Leslie Norris. In this poem, the poet tries to depict the mental condition of a caged tiger. He compares the life of a tiger in the zoo with its life in its natural habitat. The central idea of the poem is the contrast between the majestic beauty of a tiger in its natural habitat and the sadness and confinement of a tiger in a zoo. The poem highlights the theme of captivity and the loss of freedom and wildness that comes with it. The speaker reflects on the tiger’s longing for freedom and its inability to escape its captivity, ultimately conveying a message about the importance of preserving wildlife and their natural habitats.

OR

Summarise the poem ‘The Trees’ in your own words.
Ans – The poem ‘The Trees’ is written by Adrienne Rich. It expresses how humans have destroyed forests and cut down trees for selfish purposes. Humans have made trees confined to the four walls of their houses to fulfil their needs. The poetess says that the trees live in the forest, so keeping them inside the home is a crime. The poem conveys the message that everyone has a deep desire for freedom. We must follow the rules of nature and should not try to overrule it.

10. Answer any two of the following :
(i) What message do you get from the poem, ‘Fire and Ice’ ?
Ans – The poem ‘Fire and Ice’ written by Robert Frost is a metaphor for human perceptions of desires and hatred. The fire symbolises burning desires, while the ice, on the other hand, describes ice-cold hatred. It describes how we humans will be the end of our own race.

(ii) Why does the poet say, “Balls will be lost always” ? (The Ball Poem)
Ans – The poet suggests that from the loss of the ball, the boy is learning how to stand up in a world of possessions where he will lose things, will buy some more to replace the ones lost, but would never be able to buy back the thing that he had lost. He is sensing his first responsibility as he has lost the ball.

(iii) What is the central idea of the poem ‘Fog’ ?
Ans – In the poem ‘Fog’, the poet uses an interesting metaphor to describe an element of nature. He indirectly compares fog to a cat by presenting the idea that the movements of the fog are much like that of a cat. The fog comes silently like cat on its little feet without making any noise.

(C: Supplementary Reader)
11. Answer in about 100 words :
‘The Thief’s Story’ is an in-depth study of human mind. Illustrate.
Ans – The human mind is a very complex thing. It is a mixture of opposite opinions. Sometimes a man fails to understand his own mind. In this story the same thing has been presented by Ruskin Bond through the character of a thief boy Hari Singh. The boy starts working for Anil. His primary aim was to rob him. Anil’s carelessness wins his heart. But the boy’s bad mind provokes him to rob Anil of his money. One day he robs his six hundred rupees and runs away to the station. But his good mind stops him boarding the train. He decides to come back to Anil and return his money. So this story is an in-depth study of human mind.

OR

Describe Griffin’s adventures in a London store in the story ‘Footprints Without Feet’.
Ans – In the story ‘Footprints Without Feet’ written by H.G. Wells. Griffin, the invisible man, enters a London store to purchase some clothes and shoes. Griffin tries on different clothes and shoes, but his invisible feet leave no footprints, which confuses the employees. He also steals some money from the cash register, taking advantage of his invisibility. As he leaves the store, he encounters a little girl who is fascinated by his invisibility. Griffin initially scares her but then decides to have some fun with her. He picks her up and carries her around, making her feel like she is flying. However, his playful adventure with the little girl is cut short when her father arrives and tries to attack him. Griffin manages to escape but realizes that his invisibility has made him a target of fear and suspicion.
Overall, Griffin’s adventures in the London store highlight the consequences of his invisibility and the challenges he faces in navigating society.

12. Answer any four of the following questions in about 30-40 words each :
(i) Describe the ‘parting scene’ between Tricki and Mrs. Pumphrey’s household. (The Triumph of Surgery)
Ans – Mrs. Pumphrey was wailing. The entire staff was roused. The maids rushed in and out bringing his beds and bowls to the doctor’s car. When the doctor drove the car away everybody in the house was in tears.

(ii) How did Ausable get rid of Max ? (The Midnight Visitor)
Ans – Ausable was a secret agent who handled Max cleverly. Max was in Ausable’s room with a pistol in his hand. When there was a knock at the door Ausable convinced Max that it was police. He excited him to hide himself on the non-existent balcony. Max, in terror, jumped from the sixth floor and met his end.

(iii) Which book did Ebright’s mother give him? How did this book change his life ? (The Making of a Scientist)
Ans – One day Ebright’s mother gave him a children’s book. That book was ‘The Travels of Monarch X’. It described how monarch butterflies migrate to Central America. This book fascinated him. This book stimulated his interest in butterflies. He devoted his time to the study of butterflies and won many prizes. In this way, this book changed his life.

(iv) How was, Mrs. Matilda Loisel ‘a mistake of destiny’ ? (The Necklace)
Ans – Mrs. Matilda Loisel was very charming and pretty. She appeared to be a lady of a high family. But she was born in a family of clerks. As her parents did not have much money, she was married to a clerk. But her thoughts were high. She wanted to enjoy the luxuries of life. So, the writer says that she was ‘a mistake of destiny.’

(v) Who is Lutkins ? (The Hack Driver)
Ans – The hack driver, Bill is Lutkins. Lutkins disguises himself as Bill to befool the lawyer and make fun of him.

(vi) What guesses are made by Think-Tank about the books found on earth ? (The Book That Saved the Earth)
Ans – Think-Tank first thinks that the books are sandwiches that earthlings eat. He calls the cover of the book the two slices of bread and the pages as some sort of filling. Then he says it is a communication sandwich.


 

SET–B

(Unseen Comprehension)
1. Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow. Do any two passages :
(a) Haryana, State is in North-Central India. It is bounded on the Northwest by the State of Punjab and the Union Territory of Chandigarh, on the North and Northeast by the States of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, on the east by the State of Uttar Pradesh and the Union Territory of Delhi, and on the South and Southeast by the State of Rajasthan. Haryana was Constituted on November 1, 1966, a result of the partition of the former State of Punjab into two separate States Punjabi-speaking Punjab and Hindi-speaking Haryana. The name Haryana, from Hari (the Hindu God Vishnu) and ayana (home), means “The Abode of God.” Several Universities and hundreds of smaller colleges offer post-secondary education in or near Haryana’s larger towns and cities. Among the State’s most prominent tertiary institutions are the National Dairy Research Institute (1923) at Karnal and Kurukshetra University (1956) and the National Institute of Technology (1963), both at Kurukshetra, in the North Eastern region; Maharshi Dayanand University 1976) at Rohtak, in Central Haryana; and Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University (1970; including a renowned college of veterinary sciences) and Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology (1995), both at Hisar, in the northwest. Of the smaller colleges, most provide general education, and many are exclusively for women.
Questions :
(i) When was Haryana Constituted as a result of the partition of the former State of Punjab ?
Ans – November 1, 1966

(ii) Which States are situated on the North and Northeast of Haryana ?
Ans – Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand

(iii) Where is the National Dairy Research Institute situated ?
Ans – Karnal

(iv) When was the National Institute of Technology established at Kurukshetra ?
Ans – 1963

(v) Which State is situated on the South and Southwest of Haryana ?
Ans – Rajasthan

(b) The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Army and its professional head is the chief of Army Staff and the current Chief of Army Staff is General Manoj Pande. Army headquarters is located in the Indian Capital, New Delhi, “Seva Paramo Dharma” is the motto of the Indian Army. The Indian Army Day is celebrated on 15 January every year in India, Army Day theme for the year 2022 is “In stride with the future.” The Indian Army has about 53 cantonments and 9 army bases, spread across India. Operation Rahat (2013) was one of the biggest civilian rescuc operations ever carried out in the World. The Bailey Bridge is the highest 00 bridge in the world. It is located in the Ladakh Valley between Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayan mountains. It was built by the Indian Army in August 1982. India controls the highest battlefield in the world, the Siachen glacier, at 5000 metres above Mean Sea Level (MSL). The Defence Research and Development Organisation has developed a range of weapons. for the Indian Army, including small arms, artillery, radars, and the Arjun. Tank. Param Veer Chakra is the highest military honor given to the Indian soldiers who showed their best in the battlefield and made Indian proud. Till now, 21 soldiers have been awarded with Param Veer Chakra award.
Questions :
(i) Who is the Suprme Commander of the Indian Army ?
Ans – The President

(ii) What is the motto of the indian Army ?
Ans – Seva Paramo Dharma

(iii) Which is the highest military honor given to the Indian soldiers ?
Ans – Param Veer Chakra

(iv) How many soldiers have been awarded with Param Veer Chakra award ?
Ans – 21 soldiers

(v) When was the Bailey Bridge built by the Indian Army ?
Ans – August 1982

(c) Saina Nehwal, the daughter of Harvir Singh Nehwal and Usha Rani Nehwal, was born in Hisar. She has only one sibling, an elder sister named Chandranshu Nehwal. Her father who has a Ph. D. in agricultural sciences, worked at Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University. She completed her fir few years of schooling at Campus School CCS HAU, Hisar. She finished 12th grade from the St. Ann’s College for Women, Hyderabad. When her father was promoted and transferred from Haryana to Hyderabad, she took up Badminton at the age of eight to express herself. Her autobiography, Playing to Win My Life On and Off Court, was released in 2012. In April 2015, Nehwal became the number one ranked player in the world, the first ever Indian to have reached the top. spot. In her twelve-year-long badminton career, Saina Nehwal has won over 24 international titles, eleven of which are Superseries titles. Saina Nehwal became the first-ever woman to win a gold medal in the Commonwealth Games. The meet was hosted in New Delhi, India in 2010. With her bronze 2 at the 2012 London Olympics, Nehwal made history by becoming the First Indian Shuttler to win a medal at the Olympics, She also has been conferred the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna and Arjuna Awards in 2009. In 2016, she received the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian award of India.
Questions :
(i) Where was Saina Nehwal born ?
Ans – Hisar

(ii) Where did Saina Nehwal complete her first few years of schooling ?
Ans – Campus School CCS HAU, Hisar

(iii) Where did Saina Nehwal’s father work ?
Ans – Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University

(iv) When did Saina Nehwal takeup Badminton ?
Ans – At the age of 8 Years

(v) When did Saina Nehwal receive the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian award of India ?
Ans – 2016

(Writing Skills)
2. Attempt any one of the following :
(a) You are Vicky. Write a letter to the Deputy Commissioner of your district complaining the disturbance caused by the loud sound of the loud-speakers as it is very harmful the students during their examination days.
Ans –
Vicky
19, ABC Street
XYZ City
25/02/2023
The Deputy Commissioner
XYZ City
Subject : Complaint regarding the use of loudspeakers during examination days
Respected Sir/Madam,
I am writing this letter to bring to your notice the disturbance caused by the loud sound of the loudspeakers during the examination days. I am a resident of ABC Street, and my house is located near a temple. During the examination days, the temple committee uses loudspeakers for religious activities, which causes a lot of disturbance to the students who are appearing for their exams..As you know, during the examination days, students need a calm and peaceful environment to concentrate on their studies. The loud sound of the loudspeakers not only distracts them but also causes anxiety and stress, which can adversely affect their performance in the exams. Moreover, it is also harmful to their health as it can cause hearing problems. I have already requested the temple committee to lower the volume of the loudspeakers, but they have not taken any action yet. Therefore, I request you to kindly take necessary action against this issue and ensure that the use of loudspeakers is prohibited during the examination days. This will help the students to concentrate on their studies without any disturbance and also ensure their well-being.
I hope that you will take prompt action on this issue and help us to create a peaceful environment for the students during their exams.
Thanking you in anticipation.
Yours sincerely,
Vicky

(b) Suppose you are Neetu studying in Xth class. Write an application to the Principal of your school requesting him/her for the remission of fine.
Ans –
The Principal
ABC School
Charkhi Dadri
Subject : Request for remission of fine
Respected Sir/Madam,
I am writing this letter to request you to kindly remit the fine that has been imposed on me for not submitting my science project on time. I understand that I was supposed to submit the project on the given deadline, but due to some unavoidable circumstances, I could not complete it on time. I had informed my teacher about the situation, but unfortunately, I was unable to complete the project within the given timeframe. As a result, I was fined Rs. 500 for not submitting the project on time. I sincerely apologize for my mistake and assure you that I will make sure to submit all my assignments and projects on time in the future. I request you to kindly consider my situation and remit the fine imposed on me.
I hope that you will take my request into consideration and grant me the remission of the fine.
Thank you for your understanding and support.
Yours sincerely,
Neetu
Xth class
Roll No. 22

3. Attempt any one of the following :
(a) You want to sell your newly built flat. Draft a suitable advertisement in not more than 50 words to be published in a local daily giving all the necessary details. You are Nirmaan, 22, SR Colony N. Delhi.
Ans – For Sale : Newly built flat in SR Colony, N. Delhi. 2 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, spacious living room and kitchen. Modern amenities including gym and swimming pool. Prime location with easy access to public transportation. Contact Nirmaan at 22, SR Colony for more information.

(b) You are Pranshi, the Secretary of your Students Council. You participated in the ‘Save Water Campaign’. Write a report in about 40 words for your school magazine.
Ans –

SAVE WATER CAMPAIGN

The ‘Save Water Campaign’ was a great success with active participation from students and teachers. We conducted various activities like poster making, essay writing, and skits to spread awareness about the importance of water conservation. We also organized a water-saving challenge and encouraged students to adopt sustainable practices. Overall, it was an informative and engaging campaign that highlighted the need for responsible water usage.

(Grammar)
4. Attempt any twelve sentences, choosing two from each sub-part :
(a) Use the correct form of the verb given in the brackets :
(i) He always …………. (find) fault with others.
Ans – finds

(ii) We …………. (wait) for the school bus at the moment.
Ans – are waiting

(iii) If I …………. (have) a dictionary of my own, I would not bother you.
Ans – had

(b) Fill in the blanks with appropriate articles given in the brackets, wherever necessary :
(i) He did not speak ………….. (a/an/the/x) word in self-defence.
Ans – a

(ii) He has ………… (a/an/the/x) ulcer on his mouth.
Ans – an

(iii) This is ……….. (a/an/the/x) first time I have asked for help.
Ans – the

(c) Rewrite the following sentences in Indirect Speech :
(i) He said to me, “Who taught me English ?”
Ans – He asked me who had taught him English.

(ii) He said, “Light travels in a straight line.”
Ans – He said that light travels in a straight line.

(iii) He said, “What a beautiful sight !”
Ans – He explained with surprise that it was a beautiful sight.

(d) Fill in the blanks with modals given in brackets :
(i) ………… she have good health ! (May/Might/Would)
Ans – May

(ii) We ………… try to speak correct English. (may/shall/should)
Ans – should

(iii) Priyanka ……….. play harmonium well. (can/will/may)
Ans – can

(e) Combine the sentences using a noun clause in each case :
(i) I said something. I am sorry for it.
Ans – I am sorry for what I said.

(ii) What does the teacher say? Listen to it.
Ans – Listen to what the teacher says.

(iii) He will win a scholarship. I am sure.
Ans – I am sure that he will win the scholarship.

(f) Fill in the blanks with correct form of the verbs (Gerund or infinitive) given in the brackets :
(i) She was fined for ………… (come/to come/coming) late.
Ans – coming

(ii) ………… (Learn/To Learn/Learning) English quickly is not an easy thing.
Ans – Learning

(iii) He did nothing but …………. (laugh/to laugh/laughing).
Ans – laugh

[A : Prose Text (First Flight)]
5. Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow. Do any two passages :
(a) He stepped slowly out to the brink of the ledge, and standing on one leg with the other leg hidden under his wing, he closed one eye, then the other, and pretended to be falling asleep. Still they took no notice of him. He saw his two brothers and his sister lying on the plateau dozing with their heads sunk into their necks His father was preening the feathers on his white back. Only his mother was looking at him. She was standing on a little high hump on the plateau, her white breast thrust forward.
Questions :
(i) Name the chapter.
Ans – His First Flight

(ii) Name its author.
Ans – Liam O’ Flaherty

(iii) Where did the seagull step out ?
Ans – From the brink of the ledge

(iv) What were his two brothers and sister doing ?
Ans – Lying on the plateau, dozing with their heads

(v) What was his father doing?
Ans – Preening the feathers on his white back

(b) Coorg, or Kodagu, the smallest district of Karnataka, is home to evergreen rainforests, spices and coffee plantations. Evergreen rainforests cover thirty percent of this district. During the monsoons, it pours enough to keep many visitors away. The season joy commences from September and continues till March. The weather is perfect, with some showers thrown in for good measure. The air breathes of invigorating coffee. Coffee estates and colonial bungalows stand tucked under tree canopies in prime corners.
Questions :
(i) Name the chapter.
Ans – Coorg

(ii) Name its author.
Ans – Lokesh Abrol

(iii) Which crops are grown in Coorg ?
Ans – Spices and coffee

(iv) What is the best time to visit Coorg ?
Ans – September to March

(v) Which district of Karnataka is the smallest ?
Ans – Coorg or Kodagu

(c) Very soon Mij would follow me without a lead and come to me when I called his name. He spent most of his time in play. He spent hours shuffling a rubber ball round the room like a four-footed soccer player using all four feet to dribble the ball, and he could also throw it, with a powerful flick of the neck, to a surprising height and distance. But the real play of an otter is when he lies on his back and juggles with small objects between his paws. Marbles were Mij’s favourite toys for this pastime: he would lie on his back rolling two or more of them up and down his wide, flat belly without ever dropping one to the floor.
Questions :
(i) Name the chapter.
Ans – Mijbil the otter

(ii) Name its author.
Ans – Gavin Maxwell

(iii) How did Mij spend most of his time ?
Ans – Play

(iv) What did the otter do to a rubber ball ?
Ans – He throw it, with a powerful flick of the neck.

(v) What is the real play of an otter ?
Ans – Otter lies on his back and juggles with small objects between his paws.

6. Answer in about 100 words :
Lencho described the post-office employees as a ‘bunch of crooks’. Were they really a bunch of crooks? Discuss. (A Letter to God)
Ans – The hailstones ruined Lencho’s crop and made him helpless. So he thought of writing a letter to God to help him for his destructed crop. Lencho requested God to send hundred pesos. The postmaster sent him 70 pesos. Lencho became angry when he counted the money. He thought that 30 pesos were taken by the post office employees. He again wrote a letter to God to send thirty pesos more. He also told that the remaining money should not be sent through post office because its employees were a ‘bunch of crooks’. No, they were not really a bunch of crooks.

OR

What is the theme of the play ‘The Proposal’ ?
Ans – The One Act play ‘The Proposal’ throws light on the life-style of the landlords of Russia in 19th century. The farm labourers worked on their farms. So these landlords led a life of ease and comfort. Infact, they led an idle life. They were full of vanity and pride. They quarrelled over petty things. In the play we see that Lomov and Natalya have a dispute over a piece of land. They quarrel again over the qualities of their dogs. Chubukov, Natalya’s father, instead of pacifying them, joins them. He and Lomov abuse each other. All of them behave in a very funny way. The play also brings to light the social life of the land owners of 19th century. An unmarried grown-up daughter was considered a great burden by the parents. Chubukov curses himself for being the father of Natalya. An aged bachelor was also looked down upon in the society. This theme has been presented nicely through the characters of Lomov and Natalya.

7. Answer any three of the following questions :
(i) Why did Lencho say the raindrops were like ‘new coins’ ? (A Letter to God)
Ans – Lencho compares the raindrops were like new coins because the raindrops help him to grow and harvest the crops, which results in more prosperity.

(ii) Why were two national anthems sung ? (Nelson Mandela : Long Walk to Freedom)
Ans – To symbolize the equality of blacks and whites, two national anthems were sung on the day of the inauguration. One was sung by the whites and the other by the blacks.

(iii) A pilot is lost in storm clouds. Does he arrive safe? Who helps him ? (Back Aeroplane)
Ans – Yes, he arrives safely. The Black Aeroplane helps him.

(iv) What makes writing in a diary a strange experience for Anne Frank ? (From the Diary of Anne Frank)
Ans – Writing in a diary was a strange experience for Anne Frank because she had never written anything before in a diary as she had received it as a gift on her thirteenth birthday. She considered the diary to be her best friend, where she could write all her thoughts and feelings.

(v) When and why do Peggy and Maddie notice Wanda’s absence ? (The Hundred Dresses-I)
Ans – When Peggy and Maddie waited for Wanda to make fun of her after the school was off, they noticed that she was absent, but only because they wanted to “have fun with her”.

[B : Poetry (First Flight)]
8. Read the stanza given below and answer the questions that follow :
But if it had to perish twice
I think I know enough of hate
To say that for destruction ice
Is also great
And would suffice.
Questions :
(i) Name the poem.
Ans – Fire and ice

(ii) Name the poet.
Ans – Robert Frost

(iii) What is the rhyme scheme of this stanza ?
Ans – ab ab a

(iv) What is ice a symbol of ?
Ans – Hatred

(v) What does ‘it’ indicate in the stanza ?
Ans – World

OR

My head is full of whispers
which tomorrow will be silent.
Listen. The glass is breaking.
The trees are stumbling forward
into the night. Winds rush to meet them.
The moon is broken like a mirror
its pieces flash now in the crown
of the tallest oak.
Questions :
(i) Name the poem.
Ans – The Tree

(ii) Name the poet.
Ans – Adrienne Rich

(iii) What is happening to the glass ?
Ans – The glass is breaking.

(iv) What rushes out to meet the trees ?
Ans – Winds

(v) How does the poetess describe the moon ?
Ans – The moon is broken like a mirror.

9. Answer in about 100 words :
Summarise the poem ‘How to Tell Wild Animals’ in your own words.
Ans – ‘How to Tell Wild Animals’ is a beautiful poem by Carolyn Wells about the strange habits and behaviours of some wild animals. The poet says that Asian lion is a large tawny beast with a fearful roar. A tiger has black stripes on his yellow skin and is always ready to eat his victim. A leopard has black spots on his skin. He leaps on his prey and eats it up. A bear can come to human colonies. He hugs up a person and can put to death. A crocodile always sheds tears while eating its victim. A hyena always looks smiling. A chameleon always changes its colour according to its surrounding. This is the strange world of some of the wild animals.

OR

What is the central idea of the poem ‘Animals’ ? Discuss.
Ans – ‘Animals’ is a poem written by Walt Whitman that celebrates the beauty and diversity of the natural world. The central idea of the poem is that all creatures, both great and small, are interconnected and have an important role to play in the balance of nature. Throughout the poem, Whitman describes a variety of animals, from the majestic eagle to the humble ant. He notes the unique qualities of each creature, from the strength of the lion to the grace of the deer. He also emphasizes the interconnectedness of all living things, noting that the smallest insect plays a vital role in the ecosystem. Whitman also celebrates the freedom and wildness of animals, contrasting their natural state with the constraints of human society. He suggests that humans could learn from animals, and that we should strive to live in harmony with the natural world rather than seeking to dominate or control it.
Overall, the central idea of “Animals” is that all creatures have inherent value and should be appreciated for their unique qualities and contributions to the world. Whitman’s poem encourages us to cultivate a sense of wonder and respect for the natural world, and to recognize our place within it.

10. Answer any two of the following :
(i) How does the poet contrast the tiger in the cage with the tiger in the forest ? (A Tiger in the Zoo)
Ans – The poet says that the caged tiger is imprisoned. He is not free. He is angry. On the other hand, the tiger in the jungle is free. He walks in the tall grass and hunts the deer that pass near the water hole.

(ii) What three things did the speaker ask Amanda to do which she has not done ? (Amanda)
Ans – The speaker asks Amanda to finish her homework. Then he asks her if she has cleaned up her room. Finally he finds that her shoes are not clean even though he had asked her to clean them.

(iii) How are animals better than the humans, according to the poet ? (Animals)
Ans – According to the poet, the animals are more humane than the humans. They have no such bad qualities as the humans have. In their world, all are happy, equal and content. They show their relations to the poet and he accepts them.

(C : Supplementary Reader)
11. Answer in about 100 words :
Give a brief character sketch of Mrs. Pumphrey on the basis of the story ‘A Triumph of Surgery’.
Ans – Mrs Pumphrey was a very wealthy lady. She was very loving to her dog Tricki. She pampered and overfed him. She gave him much nutritious food. Tricki was very greedy. He never refused food. This made him hugely fat and lazy. Mrs Pumphrey was much worried about him. She thought that he was suffering from malnutritions. She gave him more energy food. She almost swooned when Herriot told her that Tricki must be hospitalized for a fortnight. She thought that Tricki would pine and die if he did not see his mistress even for a single day. She was very grateful to Herriot for his services to Tricki.

OR

What kind of life did Matilda and her husband live after the loss of the diamond necklace ? (The Necklace)
Ans – After the loss of the diamond necklace in ‘The Necklace’, Matilda and her husband were forced to live a life of poverty. They had to replace the necklace by taking out a loan, which caused them to struggle financially for years. They moved into a smaller apartment, fired their maid, and sold their possessions to pay off their debt. Matilda had to work hard and do her own housework, which was something she was not accustomed to. They lived a frugal life, and Matilda aged prematurely due to the stress and struggles they faced.

12. Answer any four of the following questions in about 30-40 words each :
(i) What was Anil’s job? What did he usually do with the money he earned ? (The Thief’s Story)
Ans – Anil was a writer. Anil wrote articles for magazines. He had no fixed source of income, he would borrow one week and lend the other.

(ii) How did Horace Danby managed to get rare and expensive books ? (A Question of Trust)
Ans – Horace Danby loved rare and expensive books. He bought them secretly through an agent. But for this, he had to rob a safe every year because he did not have enough money to buy these books. In this way, he managed to get these rare and expensive books.

(iii) Why were the two boys in London surprised and fascinated ? (Footprints Without Feet)
Ans – The two boys in London saw the muddy footprints. The footprints were fresh. But they could not see any man. The footprints moved on. Soon these prints disappeared. So, the two boys were surprised and fascinated.

(iv) What did Mrs. Matilda Loisel’s husband bring home one evening? Why was he so elated? (The Necklace)
Ans – One evening, Matilda’s husband brought home a surprise invitation to a prestigious ball-party at the Minister’s house. He was elated because only a few selected employees were invited and he hoped that it would make Matilda happy to attend such a grand party.

(v) Why did the Tehsildar come to Ramlal’s Village? What did he ask Ramlal to do ? (Bholi)
Ans – The Tehsildar came to Ramlal’s village to perform the opening ceremony of a primary school for girls. Ramlal was the Numberdar of the village. So, the Tehsildar asked him to set an example before the village by sending his daughters to school.

(vi) What order does Think-Tank give Noodle for escaping from Mars ? (The Book That Saved the Earth)
Ans – Think-Tank orders Noodles to prepare a space capsule for him. He must escape without delay. The Earthlings are coming to capture Martians.


 

SET–C

(Unseen Comprehension)
1. Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow. Do any two passages :
(a) Srinivasa Ramanujan Aiyangar was an Indian mathematician. He was born on 22 December, 1887 in Erode, in present-day Tamil Nadu. His father, Kuppuswamy Srinivasa Iyengar, originally from Thanjavur district, worked as a clerk in a sari shop. His mother Komalatammal, was a housewife and sang at a local temple. Just before turning, 10, in November, 1897, he entered Town Higher Secondary School, where he encountered formal mathematics for the first time. Since paper was expensive, Ramanujan often used to derive his results on a ‘slate’. Ramanujan was shown how to solve cubic equations in 1902. When he graduated from Town Higher Secondary School in 1904, Ramanujan was awarded the K. Ranganatha Rao prize for mathematics by the school’s headmaster, Krishnaswami iyer. Ramanujan failed his Fellow of Arts exam 9 in December, 1906. On 14 July, 1909, Ramanujan married Janaki, a girl 3 his mother had selected for him. On 6 December, 1917, Ramanujan was elected to the London Mathematical Society. On 2 May, 1918, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, the second Indian admitted, after Ardaseer Cursetjee in 1841. At age 31, Ramanujan was one of the youngest Fellows in the Royal Society’s history. He was elected “for his investigation in elliptic functions and the theory of Numbers.” On 13 October, 1918, he was the first Indian to be elected a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. During his short life, Ramanujan independently compiled nearly 3900 results. December 22 is commemorated as the National Mathematics Day in India, because it is Ramanujan’s birth anniversary.
Questions :
(i) When was Srinivasa Ramanujan Aiyangar born ?
Ans – 22 December, 1887

(ii) Where did his father work?
Ans – A sari shop

(iii) Who awarded Ramanujan the K. Ranganatha Rao prize for mathematics ?
Ans – By the school’s headmaster, Krishnaswami iyer

(iv) When did Ramanujan marry Janaki ?
Ans – 14 July, 1909

(v) When do we commemorate as the National Mathematics Day in India ?
Ans – December 22

(b) The running cost of an electric vehicle is much lower than an equivalent petrol or diesel vehicle. Electric vehicles use electricity to charge their batteries instead of using fossil fuels like petrol or diesel. Electric vehicles are more efficient, and that combined with the electricity cost means that charging an electric vehicle is cheaper than filling petrol or diesel for your 6 travel requirements. Using renewable energy sources can make the use of electric vehicle more eco-friendlyThe electricity cost can be reduced further if charging is done with the help of renewable energy sources installed at home, such as solar panels. Electric vehicles have very low maintenance costs because they don’t have as many moving parts as an internal combustion vehicle. The servicing requirements for electric vehicles are lesser than the conventional petrol or diesel vehicles. Therefore, the yearly cost of running an electric vehicle is significantly low. Driving an electric vehicle can help you reduce your carbon footprint because there will be zero tailpipe emissions. You can reduce the environmental impact of charging your vehicle further by choosing renewable energy options for home electricity.
Registration fees and road tax on purchasing electric vehicles are lesser than petrol or diesel vehicles. There are multiple policies and incentives offered by the government depending on which state you are in. Electric vehicles have the silent functioning capability as there is no engine under the hood. No engine means no noise. The electric motor functions so silently that you need to peek into your instrument panel to check if it is ON. Electric vehicles are so silent that manufacturers have to add false sounds in order to make them safe for pedestrians.
Questions :
(i) What is the running cost of an electric vehicles in comparison to petrol or diesel vehicle ?
Ans – The running cost of an electric vehicle is much lower than an equivalent petrol or diesel vehicle.

(ii) Why are electric vehicles eco-friendly ?
Ans – Due to renewable energy sources

(iii) What is the maintenance costs of electric vehicles in comparison to an internal combustion vehicle ?
Ans – Very low maintenance costs

(iv) How can an electric vehicle help us to reduce our carbon footprint ?
Ans – Zero tailpipe emissions

(v) Which charges are paid lesser than petrol or diesel vehicles on purchasing electric vehicles ?
Ans – Registration fees and road tax

(c) Indian Railways, manages the fourth largest national railway system in the world by size, with a total route length of 68,103 Km. as of 31 March, 2022. 52,247 Km or 83% of all the broad-gauge routes are electrified with 25 kV 50 Hz AC electric traction as of 1 April, 2022. The Indian railways came into existence long back in 1853 on 16 April. Its first passenger train ran between Mumbai’s Bori Bandar to Thane, covering 34 Kilometres. The train – was operated by three locomotives called Sahib, Sultan and Sindh. The train had 30 wagons. Bholu the Elephant is the mascot of Indian Railways, represented as a cartoon of an elephant holding a signal lamp with a green ring in one hand.
Indian Railways ohs four UNESCO recognized world heritage sites. They are Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai, Nilgiri Mountain Railway and Kalka Shimla Railway. Soon, it may get the congruence for two more UNESCO sites, namely Matheran Light Railway and Kangra Valley Railway. Railways employ approximately 1.4 million people in India. It is a fact that the Indian Railway is one of the world’s largest employers companies and institutions.
Questions :
(i) What is a total route length of Indian Railways as of 31 March, 2022 ?
Ans – 68,103 Km

(ii) What are the names of three locomotives of the first passenger train ?
Ans – Sahib, Sultan and Sindh

(iii) How many UNESCO recognized world heritage sites are owned by Indian Railways ?
Ans – 4 heritage sites

(iv) How many people are employed in Railways ?
Ans – Approximately 1.4 million people

(v) When did the Indian Railways come into existence ?
Ans – 16 April, 1853

(Writing Skills)
2. Attempt any one of the following :
(a) You are Nitin. This summer vacation you are planning to visit Shimla. Write a letter to the Manager of a Hotel requesting him/her to book a room for you. Give other details of your journey and facilities you require there.
Ans –
Nitin
1234, ABC Colony
Charkhi Dadri
05th June, 2023
The Manager
XYZ Hotel
Shimla
Subject : Request for Booking a Room
Dear Sir/Madam,
I am pleased to inform you that this summer vacation, I am planning to visit Shimla with family. I would like to book a room in your esteemed hotel for my stay. I have received positive feedback about your hotel from my friends, and I believe your hotel is the perfect choice for me.
I will be arriving in Shimla on 10th June, 2023, and I want to book a room for a week. Therefore, I want spacious room with modern facilities and amenities, including air conditioning, Wi-Fi, television and comfortable bed. We also require a room that has a beautiful view of the surrounding mountains. I would be grateful if you could provide all these facilities for us. Moreover, we would need access to the hotel’s restaurant, which provides vegetarian food. We would also want the hotel to arrange pick-up from the airport/bus stand and provide us with a car for sightseeing, as we are not familiar with the area.
I am looking forward to hearing back from you soon and hope that you can provide the necessary arrangements to make our stay comfortable.
Thank you for your kind attention.
Yours Sincerely
Nitin

(b) Suppose you are Twinkle studying in Xth class. Write an application to the Principal of your school requesting him/her to change your section.
Ans –
The Principal,
XYZ School,
Charkhi Dadri
Subject : Request for Changing of Section
Respected Sir/Madam,
I, Twinkle, am a student of class X in your school. I am writing this application to request you to change my section from Section A to Section B. I have been studying in section A for the past few months, but it is not suiting my academic needs. The speed of completing the syllabus in section A is too fast for me, and I am unable to cope up with the pace of teaching. Due to this, I am consistently underperforming in my tests and exams. After discussing this with my parents, they have suggested me to request a change of section.
I believe that switching to section B will be beneficial for me as the pace of teaching is slower, and I can focus more on my studies. Moreover, since most of my friends are in section B, I will feel more comfortable in that section.
I would be grateful if you consider my request and allow me to change my section from section A to section B. I assure you that I will work hard and give my best in the new section.
Thanking you in anticipation.
Yours sincerely,
Twinkle
Roll No. 10

3. Attempt any one of the following :
(a) You are Shubham/Shubha of GSSS N. Delhi. Write a report of Independence Day Celebration in your School in about 40 words to be published in school magazine.
Ans –

INDEPENDENCE DAY CELEBRATION

Independence Day Celebration at GSSS N. Delhi was a grand success. The event began with the hoisting of the national flag by the school Principal, followed by the national anthem. Students participated in various cultural activities, showcasing the diverse culture of our country. Speeches were delivered highlighting the sacrifices of our freedom fighters and the importance of patriotism. The celebration ended with sweets distribution to mark the occasion.

(b) You are Mahir. You found a golden chain in the market. Write an advertisement to be published in a local daily for the owner to claim it from you within a week.
Ans –

FOUND : GOLDEN CHAIN IN MARKET

I, Mahir, found a beautiful golden chain in the market on 15th August. The chain appears to be of high value, which belongs to someone. If you are the owner of this golden chain, please contact me within a week to identify the chain and claim it. Please bring any proof of ownership that you may have. You can get in touch with me on my mobile no. 97XXXXXXXX or can visit my residence at the given address – 123, XYZ Society, ABC road, Charkhi Dadri.
Note that I will require proof of ownership before returning the chain. Hurry up, claim your property soon.

(Grammar)
4. Attempt any twelve sentences, choosing two from each sub-part :
(a) Use the correct form of the verb given in the brackets :
(i) Irregular work …………. (not bring) success.
Ans – does not bring

(ii) At this time tomorrow, I ………….. (travel) in a train.
Ans – shall be traveling

(iii) It ………….. (rain) heavily for a week and the dam was flooded.
Ans – had been raining

(b) Fill in the blanks with appropriate articles given in the brackets, wherever necessary :
(i) I saw ………….. (a/an/the/x) one-rupee note lying on the ground.
Ans – a

(ii) The more you earn …………. (a/an/the/x) more you spend.
Ans – the

(iii) He is ………….. (a/an/the/x) M. P.
Ans – an

(c) Rewrite the following sentences in Indirect Speech :
(i) He said to me, “Why does your uncle not help you ?”
Ans – He asked me why my uncle did not help me.

(ii) Mother said to me, “Go and wash your hands.”
Ans – Mother advised me to go and wash my hands.

(iii) My friend said, “Alas ! My new pen has lost.”
Ans – My friend exclaimed with sorrow that his new pen had lost.

(d) Fill in the blanks with modals given in brackets :
(i) We ………… practise virtue. (must/may/might)
Ans – must

(ii) ………….. your future be bright ! (Would/May/Might)
Ans – May

(iii) You …………. give him a lift. He has his own car. (shouldn’t/mustn’t/needn’t)
Ans – need not

(e) Fill in the blanks with correct form of the verb (Gerund or infinitive) given in the brackets :
(i) He was too drunk ………….. (drive/to drive/driving) home.
Ans – to drive

(ii) It is no use …………. (cry/to cry/crying) over spilt milk.
Ans – to cry

(iii) You had better …………… (stay/to stay/staying) here.
Ans – to stay

(f) Punctuate the following sentences :
(i) he said to me why do you want so much money
Ans – He said to me,”Why do you want so much money?”

(ii) she has done her ma in english
Ans – She has done her M.A. in English.

(iii) gitanjali was composed by tagore
Ans – Gitanjali was composed by Tagore.

[A : Prose Text (First Flight)]
5. Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow. Do any two passages :
(a) Suddenly I came out of the clouds and saw two long straight lines of lights in front of me. It was a runway ! An airport ! I was safe ! I turned to look for my friend in the black aeroplane, but the sky was empty. There was nothing there. The black aeroplane was gone. I could not see it anywhere.
I landed and was not sorry to walk away from the old Dakota near the control tower. I went and asked a woman in the control centre where I was and who the other pilot was. I wanted to say “Thank you”.
Questions :
(i) Name the chapter.
Ans – The Black Aeroplane

(ii) Name its author.
Ans – Frederick Forsyth

(iii) What did the pilot see when he came out of the clouds ?
Ans – Two long straight lines of lights

(iv) Whom did the pilot meet after landing at the airport ?
Ans – A women in the control centre

(v) What did the pilot want to say to the other pilot ?
Ans – Thank you

(b) It was green, green everywhere. Rajvir had never seen so much greenery before. Then the soft green paddy fields gave way to tea bushes.
It was a magnificent view. Against the backdrop of densely wooded hills a sea of tea bushes stretched as far as the eye could see. Dwarfing the tiny tea plants were tall sturdy shade-trees and amidst the orderly rows of bushes busily moved doll-like figures. In the distance was an ugly building with smoke billowing out of tall chimneys. “Hey, a tea garden !” Rajvir cried excitedly.
Questions :
(i) Name the chapter.
Ans – Tea from Assam (Glimpses of India)

(ii) Name its author.
Ans – Arup Kumar Datta

(iii) What was there as far as the eye could see ?
Ans – Tea bushes

(iv) What was there in the distance ?
Ans – Ugly building with smoke billowing out of tall chimneys

(v) What had Rajvir never seen before ?
Ans – Greenery

(c) Over many days and months Valli listened carefully to conversations between her neighbours and people who regularly used the bus, and she also aksed a few discreet questions here and there. This way she picked up various small details about the bus journey. The town was six miles from her village. The fare was thirty paise one way. “Which is almost nothing at all,” she heard one well-dressed man say, but to Valli, who scarcely saw that much money from one month to the next, it seemed a fortune. The trip to the town took forty-five minutes.
Questions :
(i) Name the chapter.
Ans – Madam Rides The Bus

(ii) Name its author.
Ans – Vallikkannan

(iii) How much time did Valli listen carefully ?
Ans – Over many days and months

(iv) What seemed ‘a fortune’ to Valli ?
Ans – The bus fare which was thirty paise only a sum considered so small, has been called ‘fortune’ for Valli.

(v) How much time did the bus take ‘from Valli’s village to the city ?
Ans – Forty five minutes

6. Answer in about 100 words :
“Paper has more patience than people.” Discuss. (From the Diary of Anne Frank)
Ans – Anne had many members in her house and many classmates in the school, but she did not have a true friend with whom she could share all her feelings. She was not sure if her friends have enough time and patience to listen to her in detail. She could talk only about everyday things to her friends. She could not disclose her secrets to them. She desperately wanted a real friend whom she could tell all kinds of things. She decided to keep a diary. She named it as Kitty. She started to write all her observations and views in it. The paper would never complain and would never question her any thought. Hence She called “paper has more patience than people.”

OR

How does Nelson Mandela describe the scene of the inauguration ? (Nelson Mandela : Long Walk to Freedom)
Ans – Nelson Mandela says that the inauguration took place on 10th May. The day was bright and clear. A huge gathering of international leaders had assembled in Pretoria to mark the end of white supremacy. The ceremony took place in a big open building in Pretoria. When the ceremony began, Mr de Klerk was sworn in as second deputy president. Then Mr Thabo Mbeki was sworn in as first deputy president. Then it was Nelson Mandela’s turn. He was sworn in as the President of South Africa. He pledged to obey and uphold the Constitution. He dedicated himself to the well-being of his people. After the ceremony, there was a spectacular show by Jets, Defence and Police Force. The show symbolized the military’s loyalty to democracy.

7. Answer any three of the following questions :
(i) What harm has been caused by the policy of apartheid? (Nelson Mandela : Long Walk to Freedom)
Ans – No doubt, the policy of apartheid created a deep and lasting wound in South Africa and the blacks. It would take many years to recover from that profound hurt. The racial discrimination unleashed a reign of terror, oppression and brutality on the blacks of South Africa.

(ii) A young seagull is afraid to fly. How does he conquer his fear ? (His First Flight)
Ans – Young seagull saw his mother with a piece of fish in her beak, reaching to him at a little distance. The sight of the fish maddened him, so he dived at the fish without thinking about the result. He fell downwards, and at the next moment, he suddenly felt his wings spread outward and he started flying. He was soaring gradually downwards and upwards. He was then no longer afraid and in this way, he made his first flight.

(iii) What is the story about the Kodavu people’s descent ? (Coorg)
Ans – There is a story behind it. The fiercely independent people of Coorg are possibly of Greek or Arabic descent. A group of Alexander’s army moved south along the coast. They settled there because it was quite impossible for them to return. So these people married amongst the locals. Their culture is evident in the martial traditions. The Kodavus wear a long, black coat, with an embroidered waist-belt. It is known as kuppia. It resembles the kuffia worn by the Arabs and the Kurds.

(iv) Why does Valli stand up on the seat? What does she see now? (Madam Rides the Bus)
Ans – Valli stands up on the seat to enjoy the outside scenery from the moving bus. Her view was blocked by a canvas blind that covered the lower part of the window. In order to have a better view of the outside scenery, she stood up on the seat and peered over the blind. She got to see a canal, palm trees, grassland, mountains, green fields, and the sky.

(v) When her son dies, Kisa Gotami goes from house to house. What does she ask for? Does she get it? Why not ? (The Sermon at Benares)
Ans – When Kisa Gotami’s son died, she went from house to house, asking for medicine that would cure her child. No, she didn’t get it because her child was dead and no medicine could have brought him back to life.

[B : Poetry (First Flight)]
8. Read the stanza given below and answer the questions that follow :
He hears the last voice at night,
The patrolling cars,
And stares with his brilliant eyes
At the brilliant stars.
Questions :
(i) Name the poem.
Ans – A Tiger in The Zoo

(ii) Name the poet.
Ans – Leslie Norris

(iii) What sound does the tiger hear at night ?
Ans – Sound of patrolling cars

(iv) At what does the tiger look at night ?
Ans – Stars

(v) How do his eyes look ?
Ans – Brilliant

OR

The fog comes
On little cat feet.
It sits looking
Over harbour and city
On silent haunches
and then moves on.
Questions :
(i) Name the poem.
Ans – Fog

(ii) Name the poet.
Ans – Carl Sandburg

(iii) How does the fog come ?
Ans – The fog comes ‘Silently’ on little cat feet.

(iv) For what does ‘it’ stand in the third line ?
Ans – Fog

(v) What does the fog do in the end ?
Ans – Fog moves on

9. Answer in about 100 words :
Write the brief summary of Robert Frost’s poem ‘Dust of Snow’ in your own words.
Ans – ‘Dust of Snow’ is a beautiful poem of nature by Robert Frost. In this poem a symbolic incident is presented. The poet is standing beneath a hemlock tree. He is in a sad mood. He thinks that his day has been ost. Just then a crow shakes the hemlock tree and the dust of snow falls on him. This little incident brings about a sudden change in the state of the poet’s mind. His mood has changed. He thinks that it has saved the rest of his day and gets busy with his work like the crow.

OR

What is the central idea of the poem ‘For Anne Gregory’? Discuss.
Ans – The poem conveys the idea that physical beauty may be important for young men or the human beings. But God does not love human beings for their physical beauty. In this poem the poet gives an example of a lover who loves the yellow hair of a young lady but does not like her ramparts. The lady disapproves his love. The woman says that she would dye her hair brown, black or in carrot colour. This shows that the young men give more importance to the physical appearance than the inner beauty.

10. Answer any two of the following :
(i) What does the poet say about the Asian Lion in the poem ‘How to Tell Wild Animals’ ?
Ans – The Asian Lion is a large beast. He is brownish-yellow in colour. He roars. The sound is terrible to hear. This makes one almost dies due to great fear. He is found in the forest in the eastern countries of Asia. That’s why he is called the ‘Asian Lion’.

(ii) What is the theme of the poem ‘The Trees’ ?
Ans – The theme of the poem is the disappearance of trees. This poem also brings out the idea of conflict between man and nature. Man is doing more and more harm to nature. Nature is getting angry. Man’s existence on this planet is in danger. Thus it becomes the foremost duty of every citizen to work for the protection of environment.

(iii) Who among them was actually brave? How did he show his bravery ? (The Tale of Custard the Dragon)
Ans – Custard, the dragon, was the only one who was actually brave. The others were all cowards. They disappeared when they saw the pirate. But the dragon faced him bravely and swallowed him up.

(C : Supplementary Reader)
11. Answer in about 100 words :
How did Ausable befool Max? Elucidate. (The Midnight Visitor)
Ans – In the short story ‘The Midnight Visitor’ by Robert Arthur, Ausable befools Max by using his skills of deception and misdirection. Ausable is a professional liar and a con artist, and he uses his abilities to create a false reality for Max.
First, Ausable sets the stage by creating a fake murder scene in Max’s room. He uses props such as a fake knife, blood, and a dummy to make it seem like Max has killed someone. Ausable then convinces Max that he needs to trust him and follow his instructions in order to avoid being caught by the police.
Ausable then proceeds to manipulate Max’s perception of time and space by using a hidden clock and a secret passage. He makes Max believe that he has only a few minutes to dispose of the body and escape the police, when in reality, he has much more time. Ausable also creates the illusion that they are far away from the crime scene by leading Max through a series of twists and turns in the hidden passage.
Throughout the story, Ausable uses his skills of deception and misdirection to convince Max of his version of reality. In the end, Max realizes that he has been fooled and that there was no murder in the first place. Ausable reveals that the entire situation was a test of Max’s ability to think on his feet and to trust his instincts, a test that Max has passed with flying colors.

OR

On the basis of your understanding of the story ‘Bholi’, sketch the character of Bholi and describe the role of the teacher played in her life.
Ans – Bholi was Ramlal’s youngest daughter. When she was ten months old she fell down from the cot and a part of her brain was damaged. So she remained a backward child. Her face was permanently disfigured by pock-marks when she was two years old. She began to speak at the age of five years but she stammered. She was a neglected child. None cared for her. They called her a witless fool. Other children mimicked and laughed at her. But when she was sent to school her life totally changed. Her teacher was kind and sympathetic. She encouraged and inspired her to rise higher in life. The teacher gave her confidence. She made her speak without a stammer. She was learned. She refused to marry a mean and greedy man. She decided to serve her old parents and her village by teaching other girls.

12. Answer any four of the following questions in about 30-40 words each :
(i) Why was Mr. Herriot shocked at Tricki’s appearance ? (A Triumph of Surgery)
Ans – Tricki(dog) had become hugely fat. He looked like a bloated sausage. His eyes were bloodshot and rheumy. His tongue lolled from his jaws. So Mr. Herriot was shocked at Tricki’s appearance.

(ii) Who came to meet Ausable? What was his profession ? (The Midnight Visitor)
Ans – Fowler came to meet Ausable. He was professionaly writer. He wants to write about a secret agent. So he wanted to meet Ausable because he was a secret agent.

(iii) Horace Danby was a very successful thief. What went wrong when he attempted to rob Shotover Grange ? (A Question of Trust)
Ans – Danby was a very successful thief. He always used gloves while breaking a safe. He never left any fingerprints behind. This time when he started his work, he felt a little tickle in his nose. It was because of a big flower pot lying on the table. He was repeatedly sneezing. This happened wrong with him.

(iv) What did Griffin do in the shop of a theatrical company ? (Footprints Without Feet)
Ans – Griffin entered the shop of a theatrical company. He wore bandages round his forehead. Then he wore dark glasses, a false nose and a big hat. He put side whiskers also. Then he attacked the shopkeeper. He robbed him of his money and came out.

(v) What lesson does Ebright learn when he does not win anything at a science fair ? (The Making of a Scientist)
Ans – When Ebright did not win anything at the science fair he realised that the winner had tried to do real experiments and not simply make a neat display as he had done of frog tissues.

(vi) Why is the lawyer sent to New Mullion? What does he first think about the place ? (The Hack Driver)
Ans – The lawyer was sent to New Mullion to serve summons on Oliver Lutkins, who was needed as a witness in a law case. He first thinks that the place must be a sweet and a simple country village.


 

SET–D

(Unseen Comprehension)
1. Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow. Do any two passages :
(a) Solar power is the conversion of energy from sunlight into electricity, either directly using Photovoltaics (PV) for indirectly using concentrated solar power. Photovoltaic cells convert light into an electric current using the photovoltaic effect. Concentrated solar power systems use lenses or mirrors and solar tracking systems to focus a large area of sunlight to a hot spot, often to drive a steam turbine. Solar photovoltaic water-pumping systems are used for irrigation and drinking water.
Solar power in India is a fast developing industry. The country’s solar installed capacity was 61.625 GW as of 31 October, 2022. Solar power generation in India ranks fourth globally in 2021. India has established о nearly 42 solar parks to make land available to the promoters of solar plants. With about 300 clear and sunny days in a year, the calculated solar energy incidence on India’s land area is about 5 quadrillion Kilowatt-hours (kWh) per year (or 5 EWh/yr.). India has sold or distributed about 1.2 million solar home-lighting systems and 3.2 million solar lanterns, and has been ranked the top Asian market for solar off-grid products. Bhadla solar park is the largest solar park in the world as of 2022 and is spread over a total area of 5700 hectare in Bhadla, Rajsthan.
Questions :
(i) Which device is used to convert light into an electric current using the photovoltaic effect ?
Ans – Photovoltaic cells

(ii) What are used for irrigation and drinking water ?
Ans – Solar photovoltaic water-pumping systems

(iii) What was the country’s solar installed capacity as of 31 October, 2022 ?
Ans – 61.625 GW

(iv) What is the rank of solar power generation in India globally in 2021 ?
Ans – 4th rank

(v) Which is the largest solar park in the world as of 2022 ?
Ans – Bhadla solar park

(b) Faridabad is the most populous city in the Indian State of Haryana. Faridabad has been described as the eighth fastest growing city in the world and the third in India by the city Mayors Foundation survey. The Faridabad Small Industries Association claims that Faridabad and Gurgaon districts account for almost 56% of the income tax collected in Haryana. Faridabad is the largest exporter of henna (Mehandi) in India. According to the Faridabad. Henna Manufacturing Association, the sale of henna from Faridabad is worth an estimated Rs. 250 crore to Rs. 300 crore annually. The Nahar Singh Stadium, which has approximately 25,000 seats, has hosted 8 international cricket matches. The Surajkund International Crafts Mela is held in Faridabad, Haryana during the first fortnight of each February. The Surajkund Mela is the world’s largest crafts fair, showcasing the rich diversity of India’s handicrafts, and cultural fabric. The largest private multi-specialist hospital by capacity in Asia ‘Amrita hospital’ is also in Faridabad. It has 2600 beds, 81 specialities, 64 fully-networked modular operation theatres and smart ICUs with 534 critical care beds and a helipad on the roof.
Questions :
(i) According to city Mayors Foundation Survey, which city has been described as the eighth fastest growing city in the world ?
Ans – Faridabad

(ii) What is exported the largest in India from Faridabad ?
Ans – Henna (Mehandi)

(iii) How much seats have been constructed approximately in Nahar Singh Stadium ?
Ans – 25,000 seats

(iv) When is the Surajkund International Crafts Mela held in Faridabad ?
Ans – First fortnight of each February

(v) Which is the largest private multi-specialist hospital in Faridabad ?
Ans – Amrita hospital

(c) During the Mahabharata period in ancient India, a king named Rewat had a daughter named Rewati. The father used to call her Rewa, and founded a village “Rewa Wadi” named after her. When Rewa married Balram, elder brother of Krishna, the king donated the village “Rewa-Wadi” to his daughter. In the course of time, the name Rewa-Wadi became Rewari. N Rewari is famous for its traditional metalwork, particularly brass work, it is also known as brass city. The traditional industries are brass metalwork and ornamental shoes (Tilledar Jooti). Rewari has kept the traditional art of Tilledar Jooti alive and is famous for such ornamental local shoes. The brass industry began around 1535, with the help of Portuguese. Hem Chandra Vikramaditya was educated and brought up in what is now Rewari. Hem Chandra had developed a cannon foundry in Rewari, laying the foundation of a metalwork industry in brass, copper sheets. He had supplied cannons and gunpowder to Sher Shah Suri from 1535 onwards. Rewari Heritage Steam Locomotive Museum is the only surviving steam loco shed in India and houses some of India’s last surviving steam locomotives. Built in 1893, it was the only loco shed in North India for a long time and a part of the track connecting Delhi with Peshawar. Rewari was first connected by a railway line in 1873 when the first metre gauge railway track in India became operational. This track was laid between Delhi and Ajmer.
Questions :
(i) Who was father of Rewati ?
Ans – Rewat

(ii) What is also known as brass city ?
Ans – Rewari

(iii) When did the brass industry begin ?
Ans – around 1535

(iv) Who developed a cannon foundry in Rewari ?
Ans – Hem Chandra

(v) When was Rewari first connected by a railway line ?
Ans – in 1873

(Writing Skills)
2. Attempt any one of the following :
(a) You are Sonam. Write a letter to your younger brother advising him to take part in games.
Ans –
Dear [Brother’s Name],
I hope this letter finds you in good health and spirits. I am writing to you today to talk about the importance of participating in games.
As you know, games are not just a source of entertainment but also a great way to stay fit and healthy. Regular physical activity is essential for maintaining good health, and playing games is an excellent way to get your daily dose of exercise. It helps to build strength, endurance, and flexibility, which are all essential for leading an active and healthy lifestyle.
Moreover, participating in games also helps to develop important life skills such as teamwork, leadership, and sportsmanship. These skills are not only useful on the field but also in other aspects of life, such as school, work, and personal relationships.
I would strongly encourage you to take part in games regularly. Whether it’s football, basketball, cricket, or any other sport that interests you, make sure to set aside some time each day to play. You can also join a local sports club or team to meet new people and improve your skills.
Remember, staying active and healthy is vital for leading a happy and fulfilling life. So, don’t hesitate to get out there and play!
Take care and stay healthy.
Love,
Sonam

(b) Suppose you are Vijay studying in Xth class. Write an application to the Principal of your school requesting him/her to grant you full fee concession.
Ans –
The Principal
ABC School
Charkhi Dadri
Subject : Application for granting of full fee concession
Dear Sir/Madam,
I am writing this application to request you to grant me full fee concession for the current academic year. I am Vijay, a student of class X in your esteemed institution. My family’s financial condition is not stable, and we are facing severe financial difficulties. My father is the only earning member of our family, and his income is not sufficient to meet our household expenses and my school fees. Due to this, I am finding it challenging to pay my school fees regularly.
I am a sincere and hardworking student who wants to continue my studies without any hindrance. However, the current financial situation has made it difficult for me to continue my education. Therefore, I request you to kindly consider my request for full fee concession for this academic year. I assure you that I will work hard and excel in my studies if given the opportunity. I am also willing to participate in any school activities or events that require my participation.
Thank you for considering my request. I hope for a positive response from your end.
Yours sincerely,
Vijay

3. Attempt any one of the following :
(a) You are Abhi/Abha of GSSS Mumbai. Write a report of Republic Day Celebration in your school in about 40 words to be published in school magazine.
Ans –

REPUBLIC DAY CELEBRATION

Republic Day was celebrated with great enthusiasm in GSSS Mumbai. The event started with the hoisting of the national flag by the principal, followed by patriotic songs and dance performances by students. A speech on the importance of the day was also delivered. The event ended with sweets distribution to all.

(b) Suppose you are Deepak. You attended the Annual Function of your school. Your friend Nitin wants to know about it. Write down their conversation.
Ans –
Deepak : Hey Nitin, how are you?
Nitin : I’m good, Deepak. How was the Annual Function of your school?
Deepak : It was great. We celebrated Republic Day with a lot of enthusiasm.
Nitin : That sounds interesting. What did you guys do?
Deepak : The event started with the hoisting of the national flag by the principal. Then, students performed patriotic songs and dance performances. We also had a speech on the importance of the day.
Nitin : Wow, that must have been really inspiring.
Deepak : Yes, it was. The event ended with sweets distribution to all.
Nitin : That’s amazing. I wish I could have been there.
Deepak : You should have come, Nitin. It was a great experience.

(Grammar)
4. Attempt any twelve sentences, choosing two from each sub-part :
(a) Use the correct form of the verb given in the brackets :
(i) No one besides the nurse ………… (know) this secret.
Ans – knows

(ii) There ……….. (be) no leaf on the trees.
Ans – is

(iii) We ………… (go) for a walk after the rain had stopped.
Ans – went

(b) Fill in the blanks with appropriate articles given in the brackets, wherever necessary :
(i) She is …………. (a/an/the/x) M. L. A.
Ans – an

(ii) The proposal was accepted by ………….. (a/an/the/x) unanimous vote.
Ans – a

(iii) ………… (a/an/the/x) wise should be sober.
Ans – The

(c) Rewrite the following sentences in Indirect Speech :
(i) Ramesh said to me,”My book is better than yours.”
Ans – Ramesh told me that his book was better than mines.

(ii) The mother said to Ritu,”Do not waste your time.”
Ans – The mother forbade Ritu to waste her time.
OR The mother advised Ritu not to waste her time.

(iii) He said,”Farewell, my comrades !”
Ans – He bade farewell to his comrades.

(d) Fill in the blanks with modals given in brackets :
(i) I go to school so that I ………….. become a great man. (can/may/might)
Ans – may

(ii) Before marriage, he …………. drink a lot. (would/could/used to)
Ans – used to

(iii) …………. we go to see a movie today? (Will/Shall/Would)
Ans – Shall

(e) Fill in the blanks with correct form of the verbs (Gerund or infinitive) given in the brackets :
(i) He is fond of …………. (make/to make/making) stories.
Ans – making

(ii) This cloth is easy ……….. (wash/to wash/washing).
Ans – to wash

(iii) Could you ………… (help/to help/helping) me please ?
Ans – help

(f) Combine the sentences using a relative clause in each case :
(i) That is the painting. It was praised by everyone.
Ans – This is the painting which was praised by everyone.

(ii) This is Miss. Anvi. I talked to you about her.
Ans – This is Miss. Anvi, whom I talked to about.

(iii) The girl is begging. Her family is dead.
Ans – The girl, whose family is dead, is begging.

[A : Prose Text (First Flight)]
5. Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow. Do any two passages :
(a) “It’s really getting bad now”, exclaimed the man. “I hope it passes quickly.” It did not pass quickly. For an hour the hail rained on the house, the garden, the hillside, the cornfield, on the whole valley. The field was white, as if covered with salt.
Not a leaf remained on the trees. The corn was totally destroyed. The flowers were gone from the plants. Lencho’s soul was filled with sadness. When the storm had passed, he stood in the middle of the field and said to his sons, “A plague of locusts would have left more than this. The hail has left nothing. This year we will have no corn.”
Questions :
(i) Name the chapter.
Ans – Letter to God

(ii) Name its author.
Ans – G. L. Fuentes

(iii) Who does ‘I’ stand for in these lines?
Ans – Lencho

(iv) What had made Lencho’s field white ?’
Ans – Hail storms

(v) What has left nothing ?
Ans – The hail

(b) The moon was coming up in the east, behind me, and stars were shining in the clear sky above me. There wasn’t a cloud in the sky. I was happy to be alone high up above the sleeping countryside. I was flying my old Dakota aeroplane over France back to England. I was dreaming of my holiday and looking forward to being with my family. I looked at my watch: one thirty in the morning.
‘I should call Paris control soon,’ I thought. As I looked down past the nose of the aeroplane, I saw the lights of a big city in front of me. I switched on the radio and said,”Paris control, Dakota DS 088 here. Can you hear me? I’m on my way to England. Over”.
Questions :
(i) Name the chapter.
Ans – The Black Aeroplane

(ii) Name its author.
Ans – Frederick Forsyth

(iii) Where was the writer going ?
Ans – England

(iv) What plane was he writer flying ?
Ans – The old Dakota

(v) What did the writer see when he looked down ?
Ans – Lights of a big city in front of him.

(c) There was a girl named Valliammai who was called Valli for short. She was eight years old and very curious about things. Her favourite pastime was standing in the front door way of her house, watching what was happening in the street outside. There were no playmates of her own age on her street, and this was about all she had to do.
But for Valli, standing at the front door was every bit as enjoyable as any of the elaborate games other children played. Watching the street gave her many new unusual experiences.
Questions :
(i) Name the chapter.
Ans – Madam Rides the Bus

(ii) Name its author.
Ans – Vallikkannan

(iii) What was the name of a girl ?
Ans – Valliammai

(iv) What was the age of Valli ?
Ans – 8 years

(v) What was Valli’s favourite pastime ?
Ans – Her favourite pastime was standing in the front door way of her house, watching what was happening in the street outside.

6. Answer in about 100 words :
Give a brief character-sketch of Wanda Petronski. (The Hundred Dresses-I)
Ans – Wanda Petronski is a Polish girl. She is very kind and simple-hearted. She never behaves badly with anyone. She only feels disturbed when Peggy teases her. But she replies confidently and courageously to what Peggy says to her. She wears the same blue faded dress everyday but she never complains about anything.
She is very talented. She is an expert in drawing. She also wins the drawing contest and thus shows her creative side. She is forgiving and generous. So, it can be said that she is a mature, sensible and loving girl who cares about everyone.

OR

What was the importance of the baker in the village? What kind of dress did he wear? (A Baker from Goa)
Ans – The village baker was especially important for all occasions. The villagers were much fond of the sweet bread known as Bol. Marriage gifts were meaningless without these sweetbreads. Sandwiches, cakes and bolinhas were a must for Christmas as well as other festivals. These were made with the bread. Thus the presence of a baker’s furnace was very essential in each village. The baker or the bread-seller wore a special, peculiar dress. It was known as the ‘kabai’. It was a single piece long frock. It reached down to his knees. During narrator’s childhood bakers wore trousers which were shorter than full-length and longer than half pants. Even today if someone wears a half pant, he is said to be dressed like a pader.

7. Answer any three of the following questions :
(i) What did Nelson Mandela pledge when he was sworn in as President? (Nelson Mandela : Long Walk to Freedom)
Ans – Nelson Mandela pledged to uphold the constitution of his country and devote himself to liberate his people from the bondage of poverty, suffering, gender and other discriminations. There would be freedom and justice for all.

(ii) Which story of a Chinese emperor is associated with the discovery of tea? (Tea from Assam)
Ans – A Chinese emperor was boiling water before drinking it and one day a few leaves of the twigs burning under the pot fell into the water and it gave that a delicious flavour, these were said to be tea leaves and that’s how according to the Chinese legend tea was discovered.

(iii) How did Valli save up money for her first journey? Was it easy for her? (Madam Rides the Bus)
Ans – Valli saved up the money for her first journey by resisting the temptations to buy toys, balloons, peppermints, and so on. It was very difficult for her to save money. Thus, she had been able to save sixty paisa for her first bus journey.

(iv) How did Siddhartha Gautama get the name of Buddha? (The Sermon at Benares)
Ans – Siddhartha Gautama wandered for seven years and finally sat down under a Peepal tree till he got enlightenment. After seven days of enlightenment, he renamed the ‘Bodhi Tree’ and began to teach and to share his new understanding and came to be known as the Buddha.

(v) Why is Natalya so anxious to marry Lomov? (The Proposal)
Ans – Natalya is an ugly, middle-aged woman. She knows that only a fool like Lomov can marry her. So, the moment she comes to know that Lomov had come to propose for her hand, she cries and shouts and forces her father to bring Lomov back.

[B : Poetry (First Flight)]
8. Read the stanza given below and answer the questions that follow :
The true Chameleon is small,
A lizard sort of thing;
He hasn’t any ears at all,
And not a single wing.
If there is nothing on the tree,
‘Tis the chameleon you see.
Questions :
(i) Name the poem.
Ans – How To Tell Wild Animals

(ii) Name its poet.
Ans – Carolyn Wells

(iii) Which creature has the chameleon been compared to ?
Ans – Lizard

(iv) What is physical characteristic of a chameleon ?
Ans – It is a small animal having no ear and no wing.

(v) When can we see the chameleon ?
Ans – If there is nothing on the tree.

OR

“Never shall a young man,
Thrown into despair
By those great honey-coloured
Ramparts at your ear,
Love you for yourself alone
And not your yellow hair.”
Questions :
(i) Name the poem.
Ans – For Anne Gregory

(ii) Name its poet.
Ans – William Butler Yeats

(iii) What will the man love her for ?
Ans – External beauty

(iv) What is the colour of the woman’s hair ?
Ans – Yellow

(v) Find a word from the stanza which means ‘outer parts of the ear’.
Ans – Ramparts

9. Answer in about 100 words :
What is the central idea of Robert Frost’s poem ‘Fire and Ice’? Discuss.
Ans – The central idea of the poem is based on the meditation about how the world will end. Some people think that some day the world will end in fire. On the other hand, some people say that it will end in ice. The poet has tasted both the fire and the ice. The poet says that both fire and ice are destructive. Here fire stands for the heat of desire and ice stands for hatred. He thinks that our violent desires will end the world. If it survives, it will be ruined by hatred.

OR

Write the brief summary of John Berry man’s poem ‘The Ball Poem’ in your own words.
Ans – A boy loses a ball in the water. He is very upset. Though the ball does not cost too much but it gives a big shock to him. He keeps staring at the place where his ball has gone. The poet sees all this but he doesn’t interfere with the boy’s ruminations. The poet thinks that the loss of the ball will teach the boy a lesson of accepting loss with tolerance and pleasure. Everyone has to lose something or the other in this world still they are to survive and fulfil their obligations. This loss makes the boy learn that gains and loses are part and parcel of life. One should accept them as a common matter.

10. Answer any two of the following :
(i) How was the poet’s mood? What brought a sudden change in it ? (Dust of Snow)
Ans – The poet was in a bad mood. He considered that his day was ruined. But the crow shook the tree. The dust of snow fell on him. His mood changed. The rest of the day was saved for him.

(ii) What does the girl yearn for? What does this poem tell you about Amanda ? (Amanda)
Ans – The girl yearns for freedom. She wants to lead her life the way she likes. Perhaps she does not get freedom in her house. That is why, in her day-dreams, she imagines her to be free and charming.

(iii) Where did Belinda live ? Which animals lived with her? (The Tale of Custard the Dragon)
Ans – Belinda lived in a little white house with a red wagon and four pets a little black kitten named Ink, a little grey mouse named Blink, a little yellow dog named Mustard and a little dragon named Custard.

(C : Supplementary Reader)
11. Answer in about 100 words :
‘The lady in the red was a more professional thief than Horace Danby.’ Illustrate. (A Question of Trust)
Ans – Horace Danby was going to rob the safe at Shotover Grange. He had cut the wires of the burglar alarm. But the flowers on the table made a tickle in his nose and he was sneezing repeatedly. Just then a young lady dressed in red came in. She spoke friendly to Danby but her sound was firm. She said that she was the owner’s wife. She told him that she had come there to take the jewels from the safe. She had to wear them that night at a party. She made an excuse that she had forgotten the number to open the safe. She told the thief that she would let him go if he opened the safe for her. Danby was taken in. He opened the safe without gloves. He gave all the jewels to the young lady. She went away safely with the jewels but Danby was arrested for the jewels robbery and sent to prison.

OR

Describe the young lawyer’s first encounter with the hack driver. (The Hack Driver)
Ans – The narrator was a junior assistant clerk in a law firm in the city. Once he was sent to New Mullion to serve summons to a person named Oliver Lutkins. He reached New Mullion by train. At the station he met a hack driver. He seemed to be helpful and friendly. The narrator told him that he wanted to see Lutkins very urgently. The hack driver was Lutkins himself. He told the narrator that he knew all the places very well where Lutkins could be found. The narrator hired him at the rate of two dollars per hour. The hack driver drove the narrator for six hours in New Mullion in search of Lutkins. He kept the narrator behind him. He was so cunning that he tutored the people about his plan. Everybody said that Lutkins was there a little while ago and had just gone away. The narrator had to return back to the city without finding Lutkins.

12. Answer any four of the following questions in about 30-40 words each :
(i) How did Tricki treat Mrs Pumphrey when she went to collect him ? (The Triumph of Surgery)
Ans – Pumphrey’s dog, Tricki had fallen ill and had to be admitted for treatment to Dr. Herriot’s hospital. Dr. Harriot gave him a lot of water and exercise which helped Tricki to recover. When Mrs. Pumphrey went to collect him, Tricki jumped into her lap and started licking her face. Seeing him fully recovered, Mrs. Pumphrey called it a triumph in surgery.

(ii) What reason did Griffin give Mrs Hall for coming to Iping? (Footprints Without Feet)
Ans – Griffin informed Mrs. Hall that he had travelled to Iping to relax. He stated that he did not wish to be interrupted while working. He explained that an accident had left him with a scar on his face.

(iii) Why did Viceroy butterflies copy monarchs? What was the similarity between them? (The Making of a Scientist)
Ans – Viceroy butterflies copied monarchs because monarchs do not taste good to birds. Viceroy butterflies on the other hand taste good to birds. So, the more they look similar to monarchs, the less likely they are to become a bird’s prey. Thus they protect themselves.

(iv) How did Mrs Matilda get the jewels to wear to the ball ? (The Necklace)
Ans – Matilda went to her friend Madame Forestier’s house. She told her the story of her distress. She borrowed a necklace of diamonds from her. In this way, slit: got jewels for the ball.

(v) How did Lutkins’ mother treat the lawyer. (The Hack Driver)
Ans – The hack driver took the lawyer to Lutkins’ mother’s farm house. Some three miles away from New Mullion. Reaching there, Bill told the lady that a lawyer had come from the city to serve summons on her sori Lutkins. Listening this, she ran after the lawyer with an iron rod in her hand.

(vi) Why was Sulekha nicknamed Bholi? (Bholi)
Ans – When Sulekha was ten months old, she fell down from the cot on her head. Some part of her brain was damaged. That was why she remained a backward child and came to be called as Bholi, the simpleton.

 

HBSE Class 10th English Question Paper 2023 Answer (All Sets – A,B,C,D)


 

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