HBSE Class 12th English Sample Paper 2024 Answer

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HBSE Class 12th English Sample / Model Paper 2024 Answer

Class – 12th                 Subject – English
Time : 3 Hours              Maximum Marks : 80

General Instructions –
1. This question paper contain four Sections – A, B, C and D.
2. The Section – A (Reading Skills) carry 15 Marks, Section – B (Grammar) carry 10 Marks, Section – C (Writing Skills) carry 15 Marks, and Section – D (Literature) carry 40 Marks.
3. Attempt questions based on specific instructions for each part. Write the correct question number in your answer sheet to indicate the option(s) being attempted.

SECTION – A (Reading Skills) – 15 Marks
1. Attempt any one from (A) and (B) given below :
(A) Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :

           Johannesburg was the stronghold of the Asiatic officers. I had been observing that, far from protecting the Indians, Chinese and others, these officers were grinding them down. Every day I had complaints like this: “The rightful ones are not admitted, whilst those who have no right are smuggled in on payment of 100. If you will not remedy this state of things, who will?” I shared the feeling. If I did not succeed in stamping out this evil, I should be living in the Transvaal in vain.
              So I began to collect evidence, and as soon as I gathered a fair amount, I approached the Police Commissioner. He appeared to be a just man. Far from giving me the cold shoulder, he listened to me patiently and asked me to show all the evidence in my possession. He examined the witness himself and was satisfied , but he knew as well as I that it was difficult in South Africa to get a white jury to convict a white offender against coloured man. ‘But’ said he, Let’s try at any rate. It is not proper either, to let such criminals go scot-free for fear of the jury acquitting them. I must get them arrested. I assure you I shall leave no stone unturned.
             I did not need the assurance. I suspected a number of officers, but as I had no unchallengeable evidence against them all, warrants of arrest were issued against the two about whose guilt I had not the slightest doubt.
            The Police Commissioner obtained an extradition warrant and got them arrested and brought to Transvaal. They were tried and although there was strong evidence against them, and in spite of the fact that the jury had the evidence of them having absconded, both were declared to be not guilty and acquitted. I was sorely disappointed. The Police commissioner was very sorry. I was disgusted with the legal profession.
           However, the guilt of both these officers was so patent that in spite of their acquittal the Government could not harbor them. Both were cashiered, and the Asiatic department became comparatively clean.
Based on the understanding of the passage, answer the questions that follow : (10 × 1 = 10 Marks)
(i) The Asiatic Officers were ……………
(a) Oppressing the Indians, Chinese and others
(b) Applauding the Indians, Chinese and others
(c) Protecting the Indians, Chinese and others
(d) Showing mercy on Indians, Chinese and others
Answer – (a) Oppressing the Indians, Chinese and others

(ii) Where was Gandhi Ji living at that time ?
(a) In India
(b) In Australia
(c) In Transvaal
(d) In Capetown
Answer – (c) In Transvaal

(iii) On the basis of the passage, study the two statements, I and II given below :
I. The Police commissioner was an unbiased person.
II. He refused to help Gandhi.
Choose the correct option :
(a) I is true II is false
(b) II is true I is false
(c) Both I and II are true
(d) Both I and II are false
Answer – (a) I is true II is false

(iv) The decision of the jury made Gandhi Ji feel disgusted with the legal profession because the decision was …………..
(a) fair
(b) biased
(c) just
(d) According to the law
Answer – (b) biased

(v) Though the two officers were acquitted by the jury yet the Government dismissed them from their job. What was the reason for their dismissal ?
(a) They did not obey the Governments orders.
(b) They spoke loudly before Gandhi Ji.
(c) They murdered a white man.
(d) Their crime was too obvious to be defended.
Answer – (d) Their crime was too obvious to be defended.

(vi) Find a phrasal verb/idiom from (para 1) which means ‘put an end to something by taking decisive action’.
Answer – Stamping out

(vii) Replace the underlined word with its antonym. (para 4)
He was convicted by the court.
Answer – Acquitted

(viii) Complete the following sentence :
Gandhi Ji suspected a number of officers but he could not do anything against them as he ………….
Answer – had no sufficient evidences against them.

(ix) Whom did Gandhi meet after collecting the evidence ?
Answer – Gandhi Ji met the Police Commissioner after collecting the evidence.

(x) According to the passage, what was difficult in South Africa ?
Answer – According to the passage, it was difficult to convict a white offender against coloured man.

OR

(B) Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :
           New Year is a holiday celebration that includes New Year’s Eve and lasts through New Year’s Day. New Year’s celebrations have been around for a long time in one form or another. They can be traced all the way back to the Babylonians at around 2,000 B.C. New Year’s Day was not always celebrated on January Ist as it is today. Earlier, the New Year was celebrated in the Spring, as new life began to emerge in the world.
          This tradition was quite sensible in relation to the seasons, however ancient cultures struggled to create a calendar that could retain alignment with the Sun. The Romans went through several versions of calendars in which they inevitably changed the first day of the year to January first. Their final change to the calendar was made by Julius Caesar in the year 46 B.C. (the Julian calendar). Caesar also adopted January first as the first day of the year. The Julian calendar became the basis for our current calendar, so New Year’s Day is found at the top of the calendar on January first.
          Certain Roman traditions of the New Year have remained in some form to this day. Among the many Roman gods was Janus, a two- headed god. Janus was considered the god of beginnings and endings, and the guardian of gates and doors. One of the heads of Janus faced forward and the other looked back. This figure was a symbol good beginnings and endings to the Romans. One head was able to look backward to reflect upon what had passed, while the other could look forward what was coming. The word Janus is closely related to the word January.
          The Romans considered the significance of Janus when they established their calendar, and named the first month after him. This Roman belief has continued on, in tradition to this day. In many ways, the modern celebration of New Year’s Day carries on ancient traditions. The holiday itself is celebrated from New Year’s Eve (in the old year) and continued on through New Year’s Day.
          By observing holiday in this manner, we are encouraged to look at the previous year as it passes away and to welcome the new one with renewed enthusiasm and desire to improve ourselves. New Year’s Day has traditionally been a day to enjoy happiness that will hopefully endure the year. With the old year gone, and the new year just beginning, it is great time to fulfil another New Year’s tradition – to make resolutions.
Based on the understanding of the passage, answer the questions that follow : (10 × 1 = 10 Marks)
(i) The final change in the Julian calendar was made by …………….
(a) Janus
(b) Caesar
(c) Both ‘a’ and ‘b’
(d) none of the above
Answer – (b) Caesar

(ii) On the basis of your reading of the passage, find the incorrect statement.
(a) Janus was a Roman god.
(b) In ancient times the New Year was celebrated in Spring.
(c) The Julian calendar is the basis for the modern calendar.
(d) Julius was the guardian of gates and doors.
Answer – (d) Julius was the guardian of gates and doors.

(iii) On the basis of the passage, study the two statements, I and II given below :
I. Janus was the god of good beginnings and endings.
II. The Julian calendar is named after Janus, a two – headed god.
Choose the correct option :
(a) I is true II is false
(b) II is true I is false
(c) Both I and II are true
(d) Both I and II are false
Answer – (a) I is true II is false

(iv) Complete the following sentence by choosing the most appropriate option.
Although Roman civilization has ended long ago ……………
(a) Its traditions will never be forgotten.
(b) Its traditional influence is a thing of past.
(c) Its traditions influence today’s New Year celebration.
(d) It is a tradition that other people besides the Romans, followed.
Answer – (c) Its traditions influence today’s New Year celebration.

(v) The month ‘January’ was named after …………….
(a) Janus
(b) Julius
(c) Roman goddess
(d) All of these
Answer – (a) Janus

(vi) Find the antonym of “divergently” from the (para 5) of the text.
Answer – traditionally

(vii) Who first started New year’s celebrations ?
Answer – The Babylonians at around 2000 B.C. first started the New Year’s celebration.

(viii) Complete the following sentence.
The two heads of Janus symbolises …………….
Answer – good beginnings and endings.

(ix) Find the word from (para 2) of the text which means same as “certain to happen.”
Answer – inevitable

(x) Why was the New Year’s celebration in Spring considered quite sensible ?
Answer – The New Year’s celebration was considered quite sensible as new life starts/begins to emerge in Spring.

2. Read the passage given below : (5 Marks)
The great defect of our civilization is that it does not know what to do with its knowledge. Science has given us power fit for the gods yet we use them like children. For example, we don’t know how to manage our machines. Machines were made to be man’s servants. Yet he has grown so dependent on them that they are in fair way to become his masters. Already most men spend most of their lives looking after and waiting upon machines. And the machines are very stern master. They must kept at the right temperature, and if they do not get their meals when they expect them, they grow sulky and refuse to work or burst with rage and blow up and spread ruin and destruction all round them.
We have to wait upon them very attentively and do all that we can to keep them in a good temper. Already we find it difficult either to work or play without machines and a time may come when they will rule us together just as we rule the animals.
And bring me to the point at which I asked, what we do all the time which the machines have us and the new energy they have given us? On the whole , it must be admitted, we do very little . For the most part we use our time and energy to make more and better machines which will give us still more time and still more energy and what are we to do with them? The answer I think is that we should try to become more civilized. For the machines themselves and the power which the machine have given us ,are not civilization but aids to civilization. But you will remember that we agreed at the beginning that being civilized meant making and liking beautiful things, thinking freely and living rightly and maintain justice equally between man and man. Man has a better chance today to do these things than he ever had before, he has more time, more energy, less to fear and less to fight against. If he will give his time and everything his machines have won for him the making of more beautiful things, finding out more and more about universe, and removing the causes of quarrels between nations, discovering how to prevent, then I think our civilization would undoubtedly be the greater, as it would be more lasting than it has ever been.
Based on the understanding of the passage, make notes using headings and sub headings or in points. Use recognizable abbreviations (wherever necessary, minimum four). Also supply an appropriate title to it.
Answer –

NOTES
Title : Man and Machine

(1) Civilzn. & Sci.
1.1 Civilzn and defect
1.2 To do with knwl
1.3 Sci. power
(2) Man & Machine;
2.1 machn- servant of man
2.2 become his master
2.3 machine will rule
(3) Use of time & energy
3.1 make more better machn.
3.2 beautiful things
3.3 maintain justice and remove quarrels
3.4 everlasting civilzn.
Abbreviations :
Civilzn. —– civilization
Sci ———— science
Machn —— machine
Knwl ——— knowledge

SECTION – B (Grammar) – 10 Marks
3. Attempt any two from each sub-part :
3.1 Fill in the blanks with appropriate modals / auxiliaries : (2 × 1 = 2 Marks)
(i) When we were young, we …………. play in this ground. (past habit)
Answer – used to / would

(ii) It is sunny. It …………. rain today. (slight possibility)
Answer – might

(iii) Choose the correct option.
……………. that I were a king!
(a) Would
(b) may
(c) ought to
(d) must
Answer – (a) Would

3.2 Change the narration : (2 × 1 = 2 Marks)
(i) The teacher said to the students, “Where there is a will, there is a way.”
Answer – The teacher told the students that where there is a will there is a way.

(ii) The priest said to the newly married couple, “May God bless you both!”
Answer – The priest wished/prayed for the newly married couple that God might bless them both.

(iii) Choose the correct option.
Priti asked Sumit, “How are you?”
(a) Priti asked Sumit how you were.
(b) Priti asked Sumit how was he.
(c) Priti asked Sumit how she is.
(d) Priti asked Sumit how he was.
Answer – (d) Priti asked Sumit how he was.

3.3 Fill in the blank with suitable articles wherever necessary : (2 × 1 = 2 Marks)
(i) The scientists saw an object flying in ………… sky.
Answer – the

(ii) He is my …………. best friend.
Answer – No article / x

(iii) I gave him ………….. hundred rupee note.
(a) a
(b) an
(c) the
(d) x
Answer – (a) a

3.4 Change the voice : (2 × 1 = 2 Marks)
(i) Your hair needs cutting.
Answer – Your hair needs to be cut.

(ii) It is time to read the newspaper.
Answer – It is time for the newspaper to be read.

(iii) Choose the correct option.
Someone has picked my pocket.
(a) My pocket had been picked by someone.
(b) My pocket have been picked by someone.
(c) My pocket has been picked.
(d) None of the above.
Answer – (c) My pocket has been picked.

3.5 Fill in the blank with correct form of verb : (2 × 1 = 2 Marks)
(i) I have not seen him since he …………… the village. (to leave)
Answer – left

(ii) The moon ………….. around the earth. (to revolve)
Answer – revolves

(iii) Choose the correct option.
Rome …………… not built in a day.
(a) Is
(b) was
(c) were
(d) had
Answer – (b) was

SECTION – C (Writing Skills) – 15 Marks
4. Attempt any one from (A), (B) and (C) given below : (5 Marks)
(A) The Cultural Club of Govt. Model Sanskriti Sr. Sec. School, Mahendergarh is going to organise a Debate competition on the topic ‘Should there be Canteen in the school’. Draft a notice in about 50 words to be put up on the school’s notice board inviting the students to take part in it. Invent necessary details. Sign yourself as Sumit / Priti.
Answer –

GOVT. MODEL SANSKRITI SR. SEC. SCHOOL, M/GARH
NOTICE
DEBATE COMPETITION

Date : 15th July 2023
All the students are informed that the Cultural Club of our school is going to organize a ‘Debate Competition’ as per the details given below;

Topic  : Should there be canteen in the school?
Date    : 23rd July 2023
Time   : 9 A.M.
Venue : School’s auditorium

The students who want to participate in the above said competition must give their names to the undersigned latest by 21st July 2023. For more information contact the undersigned.
Sumit
(Secretary of Cultural Club)

 

OR

(B) You want to sell your car which you bought last year and is in excellent condition. Draft an advertisement to be published in a local daily under classified columns. (word limit 50)
Answer –

CAR FOR SALE

Available almost a new Ford Figo car(diesel) for sale. It is of white colour, model 2022, run 30,000 km, average 20 kilometer per liter, A.C., leather seat covers, Sony music system, power window, PUC, tubeless tyres, fully insured etc. Selling price – 500000/- . No bargaining!
Interested parties can contact : Prem Nagar, Charkhi Dadri.

Mob.- 98xxxxxx23
E.mail – xyz@gmail.com

 

OR

(C) Water is precious and each one of us must stop wastage. Prepare a poster urging people to employ various methods of rain water harvesting in their colonies. (Word limit – 50)
Answer –

WATER IS LIFE

EVERY          💧         IS
DROP           💧         PRECIOUS

MAKE YOUR DRY DAYS TENSION FREE
GO FOR RAIN WATER HARVESTING IS PRECIOUS

SAVE IT *Close the taps when not in use
TO SAVE *Repair the leaking pipes or taps
YOUR LIFE *Use water judicially

Issued in public interest by : HARYANA JAL BOARD

 

5. Attempt any one from (A) and (B) given below : (5 Marks)
(A) The main road leading to your locality has three open manholes causing frequent accidents at night, especially during rainy season. Write a letter in 120-150 words to the Editor, The Tribune drawing attention of the concerned authorities to this problem of the residents. You are Jatin / Jyoti of Sector 2, Rewari.
Answer –

Sector-2
Rewari
1st July 2023

The Editor
The Tribune
Rohtak

Subject : open manholes
Sir,
Through the columns of your esteemed newspaper, I wish to draw the kind attention of the general public and concerned authorities to the open manholes at sector-2, Rewari. There are three open manholes on the main road leading to our locality. They are posing a serious threat to the lives of the people. Despite several incidents in the past where people have fallen in these manholes and suffered injuries, The Rewari Nagar Nigam has never paid heeds to cover them up. These pits lead to accidents during daytime itself but they become all the more dangerous during the night time. During rainy season it is difficult to locate them. Therefore, on behalf of the residents of the locality I request you to make the authorities cover these open manholes immediately.
I hope the concerned authorities will take prompt action to cover these open manholes. Thanking you.
Yours faithfully
Jatin

OR

You are Mohit / Priya. You saw the given advertisement in the newspaper and want to apply for the position advertised.
BRAKES & BRAKES PVT, LTD.
REQUIRED – Sales Manager
Young Male or Female
Preferred Skills and Qualifications
• MBA from a recognized university
• Computer savvy
• Good communication skills
• Experience 2 years
Apply within 10 days to Director, Brakes & Brakes Pvt. Ltd., New delhi
Write a letter to the Director, Brakes & Brakes Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi along with your bio – data in 120-150 words applying for the post advertised.
Answer –

88, Badhra
Charkhi Dadri
1st October 2023

The Director
Brakes & Brakes Pvt. Ltd.
New Delhi

Subject : Application for the post of Sales Manager
Sir,
This is in response to your advertisement published in The Hindu dated 29th September 2023 for the subject vacancy in your esteemed organization. I wish to apply for the same. I am a young man of 25. I am active and smart. I possess good communication skills. I am well versed in English and Hindi. I am computer savvy also. I have done my MBA from KUK. I have two years’ experience in sales. I assure you that if you give me an opportunity, I will not let you down. I am herewith enclosing my bio-data for your kind perusal and consideration. Thanking you.
Yours sincerely
Mohit

BIO-DATA

Name                 : Mohit
Father’s name  : Parveen Kumar
Mother’s name : Sarla Devi
Date of Birth     : 10 September 1999
Address             : 88, Badhra, Charkhi Dadri
Nationality         : Indian
Category            : General
Sex                     : Male
Marital status   : Unmarried

Educational Qualification :
Sr.   Class   Board/University    Percentage
1      X          B.S.E.H., Bhiwani   90%
2      XII        B.S.E.H., Bhiwani   94%
3      BBA     KUK                          90%
4      MBA    KUK                          93%
Experience : Two years as Assistant Sales Manager in D&V Pvt Ltd.
Language known : English and Hindi
References : 1. Mr. Devender Yadav (Senior Manager, HMLT, New Delhi)
2. Mr. Vimal Sharma (Senior Manager L&T Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai)

Date : 1st October 2023,  Place : Charkhi Dadri

6. Attempt any one from (A) and (B) given below : (5 Marks)
(A) A Block Level Science Exhibition was organised in your school. Many teams from different schools participated in it and exhibited their innovations. Your school team also participated in it and your team’s innovation was adjudged the best. As a student correspondent, write a report in 120-150 words for your school newsletter. You are Rahul / Renu.
Answer –

Block Level Science Exhibition
By Renu

Rewari : 5th May 2023
A Block Level Science Exhibition was organized in ABC school, Rewari on 4th May 2023 by DSE, Haryana. The motto of the exhibition was to provide an opportunity to the budding scientist to showcase their innovations. The B.E.O. Dr. Yogender Yadav was the chief guest on this occasion. He inaugurated the exhibition and motivated the participants. Twenty teams from different schools participated in the exhibition. Each team comprised three students. Each team demonstrated its model and explained its working very minutely. The visitors were bewitched by the innovations. Our school team also participated in the exhibition. It was very difficult for the jury members to decide which model/innovation was the best. Finally, our school team’s innovation was adjudged the best among them. M.A.K. school team got the second position and D.A.V. secured the third. The B.E.O. gave away the prizes to the winning teams and participation certificates to the rest of the teams. Thus the exhibition was a great success.

OR

(B) Write an article in 120-150 words on the topic ‘Value of outdoor games’ to be published in your school magazine.
Answer –

Value of Outdoor Games

Outdoor games play a vital role in our life. They are not important just for kids but for adults as well. They make us physically as well as mentally fit. They develop coordination, team spirit, discipline and prepare us for the ups and downs of life. Outdoor games create a sense of brotherhood among players. They teach the players discipline and punctuality. They build muscle power and strength. They keep the players energetic and active all the time. They also help in building good character and develop the spirit of cooperation. They keep us away from diseases. They justify the saying “a healthy mind lives in a healthy body”. With the help of outdoor games we can achieve our goals/aims in life. They provide a platform for skill development and the acquisition of new abilities. Many outdoor games have cultural significance and are played across different countries and regions. Participating in these games allows for cultural exchange, exposure to different traditions and the celebration of diversity. In a nutshell, we can say that outdoor games offer a wide range of values including physical fitness and social interaction.

SECTION – D (Literature) – 40 Marks
7. Attempt any one of the two extracts (A) and (B) given below : (5 marks)
(A) Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :
Those who prepare green wars,
Wars with gas, wars with fire,
Victory with no survivors
Would put on clean clothes,
And walk about with their brothers
In the shade, doing nothing.
What I want should not be
Confused with total inactivity.
(i) According to the poet, what will make the war mongers quit the idea of war ?
(a) Quiet introspection
(b) Total inactivity
(c) Atomic war
(d) All of the above
Answer – (a) Quiet introspection

(ii) Find a phrase from the extract which suggests that wars are not fruitful and never yields a winner.
(a) Those who prepare green wars
(b) Victory with no survivors
(c) In the shade, doing nothing
(d) Confused with total inactivity.
Answer – (b) Victory with no survivors

(iii) ‘Total inactivity’ represents …………..
(a) Life
(b) Death
(c) Laziness
(d) Action
Answer – (b) Death

(iv) What will the war mongers do after quitting the idea of war ?
(a) They will engage themselves in new wars.
(b) They will learn the art of tailoring to sew new clothes.
(c) They will start working on humanitarian grounds.
(d) They will make their brothers hate.
Answer – (c) They will start working on humanitarian grounds.

(v) Name the poet of the above extract.
(a) Kamala Das
(b) Stephen Spender
(c) John Keats
(d) Pablo Neruda
Answer – (d) Pablo Neruda

OR

(B) Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :
Aunt Jennifer’s fingers fluttering through her wool
Find even the ivory needle hard to pull.
The massive weight of uncle’s wedding band
Sits heavily upon Aunt Jennifer’s hand.
When Aunt is dead, her terrified hands will lie
Still ringed with ordeals she was mastered by
(i) What does the following line suggest you about Aunt Jennifer’s married life “The massive weight of Uncle’s wedding band sits heavily upon Aunt Jennifer’s hand.”
(a) She is happy with her married life as her husband has given her a precious gift.
(b) She is not happy with her married life as her husband is a cruel man.
(c) She is neither happy nor sad.
(d) Only Aunt Jennifer can tell whether she is happy with her marriage or not.
Answer – (b) She is not happy with her married life as her husband is a cruel man.

(ii) Complete the following analogy with a word from the given options :
Marriage : Wedding : : Surrounded : ……………
(a) Massive
(b) Ordeals
(c) Ivory
(d) Ringed
Answer – (d) Ringed

(iii) On the basis of the extract, study the two statements, I and II given below :
I. Aunt Jennifer Symbolizes all the married women.
II. She is the victim of patriarchal society.
Choose the correct option :
(a) I is true II is false
(b) II is true I is false
(c) Both I and II are true
(d) Both I and II are false
Answer – (c) Both I and II are true

(iv) The rhyme scheme of the above extract is :
(a) aabbcc
(b) ababcc
(c) abcabc
(d) abbcab
Answer – (a) aabbcc

(v) Identify the figure of speech used in ‘fingers fluttering’.
(a) simile
(b) oxymoron
(c) Transferred epithet
(d) Alliteration
Answer – (d) Alliteration

8. Attempt any one of the two extracts (A) and (B) given below : (5 Marks)
(A) Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :
The next I remember I was lying on my stomach beside the pool, vomiting. The chap that threw me in was saying, “But I was only fooling”. Someone said, “The kid nearly died. But all right now. Let’s carry him to the locker room”. Several hours later, I walked home. I was weak and trembling. I shook and cried when I lay on my bed. I couldn’t eat that night. For days a haunting fear was in my heart. The slightest exertion upset me, making me wobbly in the knees and sick to my stomach.
(i) The use of ‘I’ in the present extract suggests that the piece is ………….
(a) Autobiographical
(b) Biographical
(c) Both ‘a’ and ‘b’
(d) None
Answer – (a) Autobiographical

(ii) On the basis of the extract, study the two statements, I and II given below :
I. This incident made the writer hydrophobic.
II. The boy enjoyed swimming in the pool.
Choose the correct option :
(a) I is true II is false
(b) II is true I is false
(c) Both I and II are true
(d) Both I and II are false
Answer – (a) I is true II is false

(iii) The chap threw the boy into the pool ………….
(a) To kill him
(b) To teach him how to swim
(c) Just for fun
(d) To make him wobbly in the knees.
Answer – (c) Just for fun

(iv) “I was lying on my stomach beside the pool.” Which pool is being talked about here ?
(a) Yakima
(b) Y M C A
(c) Waterland
(d) V M C A
Answer – (b) Y M C A

(v) The boy could not eat that night because ………….
(a) Of the misadventure.
(b) He was not hungry.
(c) He was afraid of his father.
(d) He was dieting.
Answer – (a) Of the misadventure.

OR

(B) Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow :
Months passed, Shukla was sitting on his haunches at the appointed spot in Calcutta when Gandhi arrived; he waited till Gandhi was free. Then the two of them boarded a train for the city of Patna in Bihar. There Shukla led him to the house of a lawyer named Rajendra Prasad who later became President of Congress Party and of India. Rajendra Prasad was out of town, but the servants knew Shukla as a poor Yeoman who pestered their master to help the indigo sharecroppers. So, they let him stay on the grounds with his companion, Gandhi, whom they took to be another peasant. But Gandhi was not permitted to draw water from the well else some drops from his bucket pollute the entire source.
(i) Where was Shukla waiting for Gandhi ji ?
(a) Patna
(b) Champaran
(c) Calcutta
(d) At Rajendra Prasad’s house
Answer – (c) Calcutta

(ii) Complete the following analogy :
Companion : Foe : : ………… : Delighted
(a) Boarded
(b) Permitted
(c) Pestered
(d) yeoman
Answer – (c) Pestered

(iii) What was common in Shukla and Gandhi ji ?
(a) Their patience
(b) Their helping nature
(c) There was nothing common in them
(d) Both ‘a’ and ‘b’
Answer – (d) Both ‘a’ and ‘b’

(iv) The servants at Rajendra Prasad house did not allow Gandhi Ji to draw water from the well as they thought him to be ………….
(a) The National leader
(b) The worshipper of non violence
(c) A rich man
(d) An untouchable
Answer – (d) An untouchable

(v) An autobiography is an account of a person’s life written by himself and a biography is an account of a person’s life written by a person other than himself whereas a diary is a book in which one keeps a daily record of events and experiences, and in a travelogue a person describes the important places he travels. In what category would you put the above extract ?
(a) Autobiography
(b) Biography
(c) Diary
(d) Travelogue
Answer – (b) Biography

9. Answer any four questions in about 40-50 words : (2 × 4 = 8 Marks)
(a) Mukesh’s parents were fatalists but he was not. Comment. (Lost Spring)
Answer – Mukesh’s parents were bangle makers. They were fatalists as they believed in the god given linage. They were burdened by the stigma of caste in which they were born. They accepted their fate but Mukesh did not want to carry on his parents’ profession. He wanted to become a motor mechanic.

(b) Why was the crofter so talkative and friendly with the peddler? (The Rattrap)
Answer – The crofter was an old man. He had no wife or children. He lived alone in his house. When the peddler knocked at his door and asked for shelter, he was happy to receive someone to talk to in his loneliness. So, he was so talkative and friendly with the peddler.

(c) These days taking selfies, making reels etc. and uploading them on social media is common. But in some primitive cultures taking a photographic portrait of someone was not allowed. What was their belief about being photographed? (Interview)
Answer – Today, people love to post their selfies, reels etc. on social media but in some primitive cultures it was believed that if one was taking photographic portrait of somebody then he was stealing that person’s soul.

(d) What made William Douglas hydrophobic? (Deep Water)
Answer – When William Douglas was ten or eleven years old, a boy probably eighteen years old threw him into the pool. He was nearly drowned. He could not eat or sleep that night. That incident developed in him an aversion to water and made him hydrophobic.

(e) State two qualities of Subbu which you infer from the lesson ‘Poet and Pancakes’.
Answer – Subbu was no.2 at Gemini studio. He was a superb actor, writer, poet and above all he was an amiable person. He had no ill-will against anybody. He was an asset for the director.

10. Answer any two questions in about 40-50 words : (2 × 3 = 6 Marks)
(a) “Kamala Das’ mother loves her very much”. Support your answer with reference to the poem. (My Mother at Sixty Six)
Answer – Kamla Das’ mother was sixty six years old. She was weak, sick and near her death yet she accompanied her daughter to the airport to bid her good bye. This clearly shows that she loved her daughter very much.

(b) How, according to Keats, does a thing of beauty give us the reason to live and love the life? (A Thing of Beauty)
Answer – According to Keats the world is full of miseries, sickness and inhumanity. It is very hard to live in it. In spite of all these miseries, sickness and inhumanity, a thing of beauty teaches us to live for all. For example, trees give shade to everyone, flowers give their fragrance without discrimination, Sun gives its sunshine to each and every one. Thus, a thing of beauty gives us reason to live and love the life.

(c) What was the Plea of the folk who had put up the roadside stand? (A Roadside stand)
Answer – The folk plea was that the city people should be more sympathetic and helpful towards them. They should buy their products so that they might earn some cash and live life with honour. They also pleaded that the people in power should fulfil the promise they made to them.

11. Answer any three questions in about 40-50 words : (3 × 2 = 6 Marks)
(a) Why did the Tiger King not allow the British Officer to hunt the tigers in his kingdom? (The Tiger King)
Answer – The Tiger King vowed to kill hundred tigers but the population of tigers was decreasing in his kingdom. Moreover, if he allowed the British officer to hunt tigers in his kingdom, it would attract the others to follow and would create hindrance in his mission. So, he did not allow the British officer to hunt the tigers in his kingdom.

(b) What superstitious beliefs of the servants made them oppose Dr. Sadao’s decision to harbour Tom? (The Enemy)
Answer – The servants believed that if Dr. Sadao harbour the American soldier, the sea god would avenge on him. So, they left the house till Tom, the American soldier, stayed there.

(c) What impact did Annan’s advice have on Bama and with what effect? (Memories of Childhood)
Answer – Annan advised Bama to work hard to win the honour and dignity. He inspired her to fight back through hard work and study. She got the inspiration and studied hard. As a result she topped the class.

(d) Why did Green start ‘Students on Ice’ programme? (Journey to the End of the Earth)
Answer – Green started the Student on Ice programme to provide the students an inspiring educational opportunity and to make them realize the real danger of global warming. He wanted to foster in them a new understanding of our planet. He was sure that students can pay back to the environment more than anyone else.

12. Answer any one of the following in about 120-150 words : (5 Marks)
(a) The story depicts the pain that is inflicted on the people of two French districts namely Alsace and Lorrain by Germans by taking away their right to study or speak their own language. Comment. (The Last Lesson)
Answer – ‘The Last Lesson’ is set against the background of Franco-Prussian war. French people were defeated by the Prussian people. The districts Alsace and Lorraine passed into the hands of Prussians. Immediately, a change came into the classroom. M. Hamel, the French teacher, was ordered to leave as per the changes. The German was going to be taught in the classroom. After losing freedom, they also lost their right to study their own language. They were imposed with the foreign language with which they were not acquainted. They were forced to abandon their own language, the most beautiful and logical language in the world. With the snatching of the language the patriotic feelings were aroused creating a love for the lost era. Franz, the little boy, all of a sudden developed love for his teacher and language to which he hardly paid attention earlier. The villager came to the classroom to honour M Hamel for his forty years of loyal service and to pay respect to the language which was theirs no more. M Hamel wore his fine Sunday clothes in honour of the French language. He praised the language and inspired the villagers to guard it among themselves. Thus, the story depicts and exemplifies linguistic chauvinism, and the pangs inflicted on the people of Alsace and Lorraine.

OR

(b) What made the American publisher think that the novel ‘The Name of the Rose’ won’t sell in America? What actually happened? What was the secret of its success? (The Interview part-II)
Answer – Eco’s ‘The Name of the Rose’ is a serious novel. It deals with mystery, metaphysics, theology and medieval history. When Eco took his novel to the American publisher, she told him that she loved the book but in the same breath, she also added that she did not expect to sell more than 3000 copies in a country where nobody has seen a cathedral or studied Latin. Moreover, the readers would not be able to relate the story. But in the end, it sold two or three million copies in America alone and ten to fifteen million in the world. When asked about the huge success of the novel, Eco gave its credit to the time. He said that if he had written it ten years earlier or ten years later the result would not have been the same. His readers did not want easy experience. To him the success of the novel is still a mystery.

13. Answer any one of the following in about 120-150 words : (5 Marks)
(a) The modern consumerist world is full of fear’ insecurities, stress and wars. What are the ways in which we try to combat them? Answer with reference to ‘The Third Level. (The Third Level)
Answer – The modern world is full of fear, insecurities, stress and wars. Everybody is a participant in the modern world’s rat race. People are running after money, power and success. In this blind race one gets stressed out and develops the feeling of failure. The feeling of failure makes the life a living hell. To escape from the harsh realities of the world people adopt many ways. Stamp collecting, gardening, listening to the music, going for picnic, watching movies, creative writing, painting etc. are some ways. Charley also wants to escape from the harsh realities of the world and slip into the past. So, he imagines the third level at the Grand central Station. He wants to go back in 1894’s Galesburg through this level to live a peaceful life there. He even convinces his wife about the existence of the third level . But in reality, there was no third level. It was just a product of Charley’s imagination.

OR

(b) “The actual pain or inconvenience caused by a physical impairment is often much less than the sense of alienation felt by the person with disabilities”. Discuss the character of Derry in the light of the above statement. (On the Face of it)
Answer – In the one act play ‘On the Face of it’ the harsh reality that the actual pain or inconvenience caused by a physical impairment is often much less than the sense of alienation felt by the person with disabilities, has been exemplified through the character of Derry. Derry is a boy of fourteen . Half of his face was burnt by acid. He looked ugly. His parents thought that he would not be able to cope up with the world after their demise. People either moved away from him or sympathized with him. None gave him confidence. Derry quotes a woman saying “only a mother could love this face”. In this world some accept their plight with grace and overcome the hardships related to it by developing tastes and habits. But Derry could not find a way out of his disability of burned face. Gradually, he developed a sense of alienation. He wanted to escape from the world. His sneaking into Mr. Lamb’s garden when he saw none around is an example of escapism. He had harsh and unwelcomed attitude towards Mr. Lamb who tried his best to inspire him to overcome his handicap. The lack of confidence and embarrassment caused by handicap alienated him from people. One can imagine how cumbersome life appears to such persons.

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